Endangered Species Outline (I used placeholder text and images not REPRESENTATIVE Content)

What does it mean to be endangered?

Every year, wildlife is being constantly destroyed mainly due to human interference. The following degrees of endangerment have been defined. Critically endangered species, such as the California condor, are those that probably cannot survive without direct human intervention. Threatened species, such as the grizzly bear, are abundant in parts of their range but are declining in total numbers. Rare species, such as the greater prairie chicken, exist in very low numbers over their ranges but are not necessarily in immediate danger of extinction.

Habitat Destruction

Extinction is actually a normal process in the course of evolution. To date, many species of animals have become extinct rather than the total number that exist. These species slowly disappeared because of climatic changes and the inability to adapt to such conditions as competition and predation. Since the 1600s, however, the process of extinction has accelerated rapidly through the impact of both human population growth and technological advances on natural ecosystems. Due to the rapid changing of the environment by fast growing human technology, many animals unable to adapt to these changes fast are dying a relatively fast death.

What is your animal? THE GREY WOLF

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Gray wolves once ranged across the entire North American continent. However, as a result of poisoning and trapping by ranchers, farmers and government agents, by the mid-20th century, only a few hundred of the species remained in the entire lower 48 states. Today, thanks to Endangered Species Act protections, more than 2,500 wolves reside in Minnesota, roughly 500 wolves in Wisconsin and Michigan and another 500 individuals in western states. The gray wolf’s success is a result of Endangered Species Act-stimulated efforts such as public education about the species, habitat restoration, wolf introduction into various areas and compensation of ranchers for livestock killed by wolves.

Why the Grey Wolf should be saved!

But not the donkey!

English Argument for Importance of Conserving this animal

In 1981, mountain gorillas were at rock-bottom. Confined to a small mountain range in central Africa, with humans encroaching on their habitat bringing poaching and civil war, their population was estimated at just 254. They would all have fitted into a single Boeing 747.

Today things look a little better. A survey in 2012 reported that the population was up to 880. That is a big improvement, but it's still only two Boeing 747s of mountain gorillas. They remain critically endangered.

We hear similar tales of woe all the time, from all around the world. Whether it's tigers, pandas, California condors or coral reefs, much of the world's wildlife is under threat. It's initially upsetting, and eventually just numbing.

Is it worth worrying about it all? Sure, it will be sad if there aren't any more cute pandas on the planet, but it's not like we depend on them. Besides, surely it's more important to take care of humans – who, let's face it, have their own problems to worry about – than to spend millions of dollars preserving animals. What, in short, is the point of conservation?

BioTopic 1:

Wolves eat ungulates, or large hoofed mammals, like elk, deer, moose and caribou, as well as beaver, rabbits and other small prey. Wolves are also scavengers and often eat animals that have died due to other causes.

BioTopic 2:

There are an estimated 7,000 to 11,200 gray wolves in Alaska, 3,700 in the Great Lakes region and 1,675 in the Northern Rockies.

Biotopic 3

Gray wolves were once common throughout all of North America, but were exterminated in most areas of the United States by the mid 1930s. Today, their range has been reduced to Canada, Alaska, the Great Lakes, northern Rockies and Pacific Northwest. Thanks to the reintroduction of wolves in 1995, Yellowstone National Park is one of the most favored places to see and hear wolves in their native habitat. Wolves require large areas of contiguous habitat that can include forests and mountainous terrain, and Mexican gray wolves can thrive in desert and brush in the southwest. Suitable habitat must have sufficient access to prey, protection from excessive persecution, and areas for denning and taking shelter.

Biotopic 4

Wolves live, travel and hunt in packs of 7 to 8 animals on average. Packs include the mother and father wolves (called the alphas), their pups and older offspring. The alpha female and male are typically the pack leaders that track and hunt prey, choose den sites and establish the pack's territory. Wolves develop strong social bonds within their packs.

Wolves have a complex communication system ranging from barks and whines to growls and howls. While they don't actually howl at the moon, they are more active at dawn and dusk, and they do howl more when it's lighter at night, which occurs more often when the moon is full.

Biotopic 5

Breeding

Pups range in size between adorable and freakishly large

30 - 40 percent of statistics are fake

Sleep apnea affects more than just humans

Breeding season occurs once a year late January through March. Pups are born blind and defenseless. The pack cares for the pups until they fully mature at about 10 months of age when they can hunt on their own. Once grown, young wolves may disperse. Dispersing wolves have been known to travel 50 to 500 miles.Mating Season: January or February. Gestation: 63 days. Litter size: 4-7 pups

Ways you can help (Call to Action... donate?)

WHAT YOU CAN DO TO HELP GRAY WOLVES

Your support will help us fight to protect gray wolves and other threatened and endangered wildlife.

Adopt a Gray Wolf

A symbolic adoption helps save real animals in the wild.

Take Action

Visit our Wildlife Action Center to send a message to government leaders.

Speak Up for Wildlife

Learn how you can be a powerful advocate for wildlife.

Links to research/bibliography

Mech, L.D., Boitani, L. (IUCN SSC Wolf Specialist Group) (2010). "Canis lupus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature.

^ Jump up to: a b Linnæus, Carl (1758). Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I (in Latin) (10 ed.). Holmiæ (Stockholm): Laurentius Salvius. pp. 39–40. Retrieved November 23, 2012.

^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j Paquet, P. & Carbyn, L. W. (2003). Gray wolf Canis lupus and allies", in Feldhamer, George A. et al. Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management, and Conservation, JHU Press, pp. 482-510, ISBN 0-8018-7416-5

^ Jump up to: a b c Mech, L. D. & Boitani, L. (2004). Grey wolf Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758, pp. 124-129 in Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. & Macdonald, D.W. (eds), Canids: Foxes, Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C., Jackals and Dogs: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. ISBN 2-8317-0786-2.

^ Jump up to: a b c d e Chambers SM, Fain SR, Fazio B, Amaral M (2012). "An account of the taxonomy of North American wolves from morphological and genetic analyses". North American Fauna. 77: 1–67. doi:10.3996/nafa.77.0001.

Credits:

Created with images by Abian_Valido - "wolf animal zoo" • USFWS Endangered Species - "Endangered green pitcher plant (Sarracenia oreophila)" • doublejwebers - "Brother and Sister 2" • leateds - "Grey Wolf in Dublin Zoo" • SFB579 Namaste - "Husky" • Ronnie Macdonald - "Grey wolves" • skeeze - "wolf canis lupus grey" • AngelikaGraczyk - "white asses donkey donkey eats" • USFWS Endangered Species - "Endangered, threated gray wolf (Endangered gray wolf (Canis lupus)" • sipa - "mastomys mouse lying" • Jo Naylor - "cute bunny close up.png" • cluczkow - "tree" • Unsplash - "northern lights green aurora" • skeeze - "landscape scenic clouds" • Ian D. Keating - "Sawyer Glacier - Tracy Arm Fjord" • xmodulo - "Stacked Bar Chart on Gnuplot" • Harlequeen - "Maned Wolf with cubs" • andrusdevelopment - "Cubs" • andrusdevelopment - "Cubs" • Superior National Forest - "wolf cub"

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