By the beginning of the 19th century, traditional Christian beliefs were held in less favor by numerous educated Americans. A countervailing tendency was underway, however, in the form of a tremendous religious revival that spread westward during the century's first half. It coincided with the nation's population growth from five to 30 million and the boundary's westward movement.The movement began around 1790, gained momentum by 1800 and, after 1820, membership rose rapidly among Baptist and Methodist congregations whose preachers led the movement.
The goal of the abolitionist movement was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation. Advocating for immediate emancipation distinguished abolitionists from more moderate anti-slavery advocates who argued for gradual emancipation, and from free-soil activists who sought to restrict slavery to existing areas. This movement began
The 1800's were a pinnacle time for women. Changing social conditions for women during the early 1800's, combined with the idea of equality, led to the birth of the woman suffrage movement. This reform effort evolved during the 19th century, initially emphasizing a broad spectrum of goals before focusing solely on securing the franchise for women.
One day in the 1800s a woman named Dorothea Dix saw the terrible conditions of the prison that they had and decided to do something. This is when the reform occurred. (WEBSITE: http://www.ushistory.org/us/26d.asp)
Alcohol abuse was widespread among men, women, and children. This led to many acts , mainly crimes, the breakup of families, and mental illnesses. In the late 1820s, a movement against the sale or drinking of alcohol was started. Alcohol was banned in 1850 but the law soon had been repealed.
In the mid-1800s the spirit of reform made its way into school classrooms. At this time, few children went to school because of costs or far travel. A man named Horace Mann ( father of American public schools) served as the head of the state board of education and spoke to citizens about the importance of public schools .