- Birth Date: July 28, 1954
- Death Date: March 5, 2013
- Occupation: President of Venezuela
- Family: 2nd of 6 brothers who survived was raised by his grandmother (Rosa Ines Chavez)
- First wife: Naney Colmenares from 1977-1995
- Second wife: Marisabel Rodriguez from 1997-2004
- Helped revolutionized Venezuela to be a socialist government
- Became the President of Venezuela and a political leader
Hugo Chavez As President of Venezuela
-First term to be president: 1999 (56% approval rate)
- increased spending on social programs
- advocated an end to corruption
- redistribution of the country’s oil wealth
- created a new constitution to help gain all control over the 3 branches of government and after he was elected into office again for the second time, he fell short of gaining ALL control
-Second term to be president: 2000 (60% approval rate)
- The new constitution required a mega election (new election for every elected official)
- Chavez was reelected
- although he did not gain total control, there was a pro-Chávez majority which was large enough to pass an enabling law that allowed the president to implement certain laws by decree
- by 1958, he was passing laws that were controversial and started alienating the U.S.
- criticized the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan following the September 11 attacks of 2001
- by 2002, his approval rate dropped 30%
-Third term to be president: 2006 (63% approval rate)
- nationalizing key industries, including electricity and telecommunications, as well as what remained of the private oil sector
- attacked President George W. Bush, whom he called “the Devil"
- made changes to constitution again, which gave more power to the executive branch, giving them power to seize property without a legal ruling
Needing Medical Attention
- In 2011, while Chavez was in Cuba, he needed to remove a cancerous tumour
- By 2012, he went through his fourth cancer surgery in Cuba
- When he could not return to Venezuela, someone took the place of President
- In 2013, Hugo Chavez died
Power and Authority
- On February 4, 1992, Chavez and a group of military officers led an attempt to overthrow the government of President Carlos Andres Perez, but did not succeed.
- Chavez decided it was useless to keep fighting, but said he would return
- Chavez was imprisoned without a court ruling for the attempted coup until 1994
- President Rafael Caldera Rodriguez, bowing to Chavez’s growing popularity, dropped the charges against him.
- Chavez then founded the political party Movement of the Fifth Republic Cha
- vez was able to capitalize on widespread discontent with Venezuela’s established political parties
- In December 1998 he won the presidential election with 56 percent of the vote.
- Changed the constitution and brought three branches of government instead of two
- Changed the government and made a socialist government
- made an advance on education and employment
- made poverty rates go down
- created successful education programs
- increased employment
- increased access to health care
- 20% drop rate in poverty
- created new constitution
- created a three branch government
- Biography.com Editors. "Hugo Chávez Biography." The Biography.com website, A&E Television Networks, 22 Oct. 2014, www.biography.com/people/hugo-chvez-193225. Accessed 29 Jan. 2017.
- Nelson, Brian A. "Hugo Chavez." Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., 5 Mar. 2013, www.britannica.com/biography/Hugo-Chavez. Accessed 29 Jan. 2017.
- The Telegraph, editor. "Hugo Chavez: timeline." The Telegraph, Telegraph Media Group, 5 Mar. 2013, www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/southamerica/venezuela/9911520/Hugo-Chavez-timeline.html#top. Accessed 29 Jan. 2017.