Hugo Chavez President of venezuela (1999-2013)

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General Information

  • Birth Date: July 28, 1954
  • Death Date: March 5, 2013
  • Occupation: President of Venezuela
  • Family: 2nd of 6 brothers who survived was raised by his grandmother (Rosa Ines Chavez)
  • First wife: Naney Colmenares from 1977-1995
  • Second wife: Marisabel Rodriguez from 1997-2004

Importance

  • Helped revolutionized Venezuela to be a socialist government
  • Became the President of Venezuela and a political leader

Hugo Chavez As President of Venezuela

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-First term to be president: 1999 (56% approval rate)

  • increased spending on social programs
  • advocated an end to corruption
  • redistribution of the country’s oil wealth
  • created a new constitution to help gain all control over the 3 branches of government and after he was elected into office again for the second time, he fell short of gaining ALL control

-Second term to be president: 2000 (60% approval rate)

  • The new constitution required a mega election (new election for every elected official)
  • Chavez was reelected
  • although he did not gain total control, there was a pro-Chávez majority which was large enough to pass an enabling law that allowed the president to implement certain laws by decree
  • by 1958, he was passing laws that were controversial and started alienating the U.S.
  • criticized the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan following the September 11 attacks of 2001
  • by 2002, his approval rate dropped 30%

-Third term to be president: 2006 (63% approval rate)

  • nationalizing key industries, including electricity and telecommunications, as well as what remained of the private oil sector
  • attacked President George W. Bush, whom he called “the Devil"
  • made changes to constitution again, which gave more power to the executive branch, giving them power to seize property without a legal ruling

Needing Medical Attention

  • In 2011, while Chavez was in Cuba, he needed to remove a cancerous tumour
  • By 2012, he went through his fourth cancer surgery in Cuba
  • When he could not return to Venezuela, someone took the place of President
  • In 2013, Hugo Chavez died

Power and Authority

  • On February 4, 1992, Chavez and a group of military officers led an attempt to overthrow the government of President Carlos Andres Perez, but did not succeed.
  • Chavez decided it was useless to keep fighting, but said he would return
  • Chavez was imprisoned without a court ruling for the attempted coup until 1994
  • President Rafael Caldera Rodriguez, bowing to Chavez’s growing popularity, dropped the charges against him.
  • Chavez then founded the political party Movement of the Fifth Republic Cha
  • vez was able to capitalize on widespread discontent with Venezuela’s established political parties
  • In December 1998 he won the presidential election with 56 percent of the vote.
  • Changed the constitution and brought three branches of government instead of two

Revolution

  • Changed the government and made a socialist government
  • made an advance on education and employment
  • made poverty rates go down

Achievements

  • created successful education programs
  • increased employment
  • increased access to health care
  • 20% drop rate in poverty
  • created new constitution
  • created a three branch government
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Works Cited

  • Biography.com Editors. "Hugo Chávez Biography." The Biography.com website, A&E Television Networks, 22 Oct. 2014, www.biography.com/people/hugo-chvez-193225. Accessed 29 Jan. 2017.
  • Nelson, Brian A. "Hugo Chavez." Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., 5 Mar. 2013, www.britannica.com/biography/Hugo-Chavez. Accessed 29 Jan. 2017.
  • The Telegraph, editor. "Hugo Chavez: timeline." The Telegraph, Telegraph Media Group, 5 Mar. 2013, www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/southamerica/venezuela/9911520/Hugo-Chavez-timeline.html#top. Accessed 29 Jan. 2017.

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