The Cattle Drive By: Danny and Aidan

What is a cattle drive?- A cattle drive is the process of moving a herd of cattle from one place to another, usually moved and herded by cowboys on horses.

Challenges of the Drive- Starting too late could cause problems including the loss of cattle. The cattle were hard to control.

How much could people make- A cowboy could buy a younger calf for $5 and sell a mature cow that they raised for $60. The trail boss who was the leader of the whole cattle would make $100 to $125 a month. The other members would make around $60 per month.

Vocab

Cattle Drive- The herding and moving of cattle over long distances.

Vaquero- A vaquero is a cowboy or a cattle driver. The vaquero came from the Spanish word for cow.

Long drive- When large heards of long-horned cattle roam freely throughout the states.

Open range- In the Western United States and Canada, open range is rangeland where cattle roam freely regardless of land ownership.

Cow town- A town or city in a cattle-raising area of western North America. Abilene and Dodge City, Kansas, were two early and celebrated cow towns.

Famous Cattle Drives- Drives usually took place in Texas on the Goodnight-Loving Trail (1866), Potter-Bacon trail (1883), Western trail (1874), and the Shawnee Trail (1840s), and often involved the movement of several thousand animals per drive. The most famous however was the Chisholm trail being 1,000 miles. It stretched from Texas to Kansas.

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