Scientific Research Caroline Kiefer - Class 1 - May 12, 2017- Spheniscus demersus

Adapting to the Environment

Adapting to the environment has to do with evolution and natural selection. An animal adapts to its environment by how it survives, lives, and thrives in its environment. Penguins over time have learned to adapt to their environment.

Scientist David Lambert of Massey University in Auckland, New Zealand has devoted his life to teaching Evolutionary Biology and to studying the fossils of Adélie penguins that live in the Antarctic Peninsula.

The graph above shows that due to the cold temperatures that Penguins climates consist of and in order for Penguins to continue to survive, they must adapt by increasing the number of humeral arteries produced.


The process of creating offspring through asexual and sexual production.

Mother penguin with their unborn chick.

John Cockrem is a professor at Massey University in New Zealand. He teaches and studies Animal and Biomedical Sciences. Lately he has been researching the behavior of blue penguins and what makes penguins who they are.


Each cell has a specific job in order to preform its function. There is cellular, physiological, and ecological organization.

This chart shows the ecological organization among penguin species.

Grant Ballard has a PHD in Biological Sciences. He works for Blue Point (company that seeks for conservational responses to helping wildlife). Recently he has been studying Adélie penguins and their response to the climate change at the independent, local, and the community population levels.

Consume Energy

The process of taking in energy (ATP) to preform actions and everyday tasks.

Penguins rely on icebergs to find food. Underneath the iceberg zooplankton and phytoplankton grow allowing for other species like fish, squid, and krill, a shrimp like animal which relies on the zooplankton and phytoplankton to thrive. With the melting of icebergs animals are facing the problem of what to eat.

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