TOK Knowledge Claim By Antara Vidyarthi and karen pan

Oftentimes, when we think of a TOK knowledge claim, we think too broad. The real investigation is just a fraction of the large, over-arching question.

How does society value scientific knowledge versus theoretical knowledge?
Defining Terms Within the Question

Scientific Knowledge: knowledge that is gained with the intension of coming to a conclusion or building on prior knowledge.

Theoretical Knowledge: Knowledge that teaches you the "why" of how something works.

How do we differentiate between the two?

Let's look at an example scenario...

Rob and Jack are best friends. They decide they want to learn how to rock climb, since they want to go on a rock climbing expedition.

Rob goes to the library, and reads every single book he can find about the basics of rock climbing, but he never physically goes rock climbing himself.

Jack, on the other hand, simply joins a class and practices a little each day after school.

What happens when they finally go rock climbing together on the mountain?

What is Scientific Knowledge?

Scientific knowledge is based on observation, and it is supported by evidence done by experiments/research investigations. Scientific knowledge isn't only suspended to "science" fields"

Who here thinks money is important?
This makes our first Area of Knowing Science, more specifically in the medical profession.
There are currently 69 National Cancer Institution in 35 states, that are focused on studies to control cancer.
Research is never ending, scientists and historians are always conduction research to learn more about the past and the future, because they think that knowing that information will some how help civilization. However when they don't think that the research is reverent the government no longer provides grants to be able to further the research.
Diseases can come back however if scientific research isn't needed anymore the government won't waste money to provide the funding for it.

Where scientific knowledge thrives off of evidence as a whole to articulate facts, theoretical knowledge builds context, and teaches you through the experience of others.


Where scientific knowledge thrives off of evidence as a whole to articulate facts, theoretical knowledge builds context, and teaches you through the experience of others.

Theoretical knowledge can also often lead to a deeper understanding of a concept by allowing you to see the context from a greater whole. This allows you to understand the why behind it.

It's important to understand the basic premise that you don't need experience to have theoretical knowledge.

Ways of knowing include imagination, reason, and intuition

The Educational System

Counterclaim: Why is scientific knowledge seen as superior to theoretical knowledge?

Murder of Linda Smith

Smith was found murdered in her own home, in December of 2009. Around this time, investigators questioned Roth, a handyman working around her house from time to time.

Six years passed in between, and the case went cold.

DNA testing broke the case open again, and Roth was arrested and charged of aggravated murder.

By using Y-STR DNA, where DNA evidence is focused towards the male Y chromosome, prosecutors were able to convict Roth of murder in the first degree, due to his DNA being found on a piece of her clothing, after he originally raped her.



Created with images by Dai Luo - "Rail to Heaven" • MT_Image - "Bridge" • DariuszSankowski - "knowledge book library" • Pexels - "architecture bridge cloud formation" • Fruitsailor - "money" • Hans - "universitätsklinikum ulm universitätsklinik ulm" • Alex "Skud" Bayley - "Mathematical Bridge" • Michael Prados - "bridge-8" • fialex - "sunset decay bridge" • fofie57 - "college" • succo - "hammer court judge" • daniepd2012 - "Lake"

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