Uluru Bianca Duffy

What is Uluru?

What Is Uluru? Uluru is the red heart of Australia. Uluru is a giant rock form in the South East of The Great Sandy Desert. It is made from sandstone and is thought to have started forming around 550 million years ago. Uluru is also known as Ayers Rock, and has been for many years until the Aboriginals of that community bought back the name Uluru. Uluru does not have any specific meaning, it is just the name that the Aboriginals gave it.

Location of Uluru/Ayers Rock

Where is Uluru? Uluru is located in the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, which is in the southern part of the Northen Territory, Australia.

How big is Uluru? Uluru raises 348m above the desert floor and 862m above sea level. Uluru is a oval shape and is 3.6km long and is 2.4km wide, and is thought to go on for a long way down underground, roughly 10km.

Contour map

Significance to australian Aboriginals

Dreamtime stories: Dreamtime stories are an important piece of Aboriginal history. The stories can teach generation after generation about how significant aboriginal places were formed. Lots of Dreamtime stories are kept just between the aboriginals as they are a sacred part of their culture.

Why is the place important to Aboriginals? Uluru has been home to Aboriginals for thousands of years and is a very sacred place to them. Uluru is home to the Pitjantjatjara Anangu tribe. Another reason why the place is so important is because the water holes around the bottom of Uluru where a important water sources in the dry desert around Uluru.

Environment

A few of the species of wildlife around Uluru

Vegetation and animal life: Even though Uluru is out in the desert there is still plenty of wildlife to see. There is over 400 different species of plants in the Uluru area and some of them are very important to the traditional owners of the land. In the past the plant life has helped feed Aboriginals and fix them by using plants as a style of Medicne. There is also a lot of Animal life out in the Uluru area especially birds and reptiles. Occasionally you will see some mammals around like kangaroos and dingoes.

How has the environment been challenged over time? The environment around Uluru has changed majorly over the past few years. Tourism is one of the key factors of the effect on the environment and so is global warming.

A few species of the Plantlife

Quick History Of Uluru

In 1873 Uluru was found by British explorer William Goose, and he was the first to climb it. It took William over three weeks to find Uluru after leaving from Alice Springs.

William Goose

In 1993 on the 15th of December, Uluru became the first Australian icon to regain its original Aboriginal name, replacing its other name Ayers Rock. Uluru was given the name Ayers Rock by explorer William Goose. William named the giant rock after his former chief secretary Sir Henry Ayers.

Tourism

Every year more then 250,000 people from all over the world travel to Uluru to see the great sight. When tourists get to Uluru quite a high percentage of them decide to climb it. There is a big risk to climb the big sandstone rock because the paths that you walk along can be quite thin and there can be lots of accidents. Unfortunately quite a few people have died by climbing the beautiful rock Uluru by falling of.

Effects on the environment caused by humans: One of the major effects caused by humans is erosion. When people walk up Uluru they stir up the dust and slowly over time the rock starts to erode away. Littering is another big problem caused by humans because we leave food up on Uluru which the animals then go eat and that can make them very sick. Also just leaving papers around is a big problem to. By leaving rubbish behind we are not only just damaging the plant life and the animal life, but we are ruining the whole environment.

The Uluru Climbing Debate: Climbing Uluru is perfectly legal, but some don't think it should be. Traditional owners of the land the Pitjantjatjara Anangu Tribe, say that it is sacred ground and should not be climbed on. People leave waste behind when they climb Uluru and by doing this they are damaging the environment and some very sacred places to the aboriginals. Everyday when someone climbs Uluru they add to the erosion that is also damaging Australia's red heart.Under traditional Aboriginal law, climbing Uluru is illegal, but when people arrive at Uluru it is completely up to them whether they want to climb the rock or not.

People climbing Uluru

Sustainability

What actions need to be taken to ensure that Uluru survives? I believe that to ensure Uluru survives for future generations, climbing the rock needs to become ileagal. Another action that needs to be taken is to not build any closer than we have already to Uluru. Building buildings and little towns to close to Uluru can damage the environment in a huge way, by littering and dumping waste.

What will Uluru look like in the future? I believe that in the future Uluru will physically look nearly the exact same as it does today, but if we keep up the way we are going on about our day to day life the environment around Uluru could change in a big way. Also with global warming going on it could effect the plants an animal life living around Uluru. I think that if we don't ban climbing Uluru, Uluru itself could start to slowly die. One issue that goes with climbing Uluru is that people leave rubbish and waste up at the top, leaving it harm animals and also the sacred places to Aboriginals, such as the watering holes.

Bibliography

On this day: Uluru given its aboriginal name (1985) Available at: http://www.australiangeographic.com.au/blogs/on-this-day/2011/12/on-this-day-uluru-given-its-aboriginal-name/ (Accessed: 12 April 2017).

How did Uluru form? (2013) Available at: http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2013/11/19/3872350.htm (Accessed: 31 March 2017).

Skatssoon, J. (2016) The great Aussie debate. Available at: http://www.news.com.au/travel/australian-holidays/northern-territory/the-great-aussie-debate-to-climb-or-not-to-climb-uluru/news-story/90b11f642d39b98bf0b0610f07b00fd2 (Accessed: 7 April 2017).

Uluru (2017) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uluru (Accessed: 12 April 2017).

Uluru history (no date) Available at: http://www.uluru.com/UluruHistory.html (Accessed: 6 April 2017).

Voyages (2016) The spiritual heart of the Australia! Available at: https://www.ayersrockresort.com.au/uluru-and-kata-tjuta/uluru-and-kata-tjuta-national-park/history (Accessed: 11 April 2017).

What is Uluru? (no date) Available at: http://uluru-australia.com/about-uluru/what-is-uluru/ (Accessed: 31 March 2017).

Why is Uluru so important to aboriginal people? (no date) Available at: https://www.quora.com/Why-is-Uluru-so-important-to-aboriginal-people (Accessed: 7 April 2017).

Credits:

Created with images by Walkerssk - "uluru australia monolith" • walesjacqueline - "uluru ayers rock australia" • Iancochrane - "Kimberley 1248 Australia" • Iancochrane - "Kakadu 316 Australia" • kenhodge13 - "Uluru/Ayers Rock in 1992" • kenhodge13 - "Kata Tjuta/The Olgas in 1992" • blachswan - "The Climb" • earlybirdconsultants - "uluru australia outback" • mah_japan - "朝陽をゆるく浴びるウルル"

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