Depression is a mental heath illness that can make you feel sad and empty or make you think things negatively. It can make it hard for you to have a normal life, but it also has treatments.
Not enjoying what you used to enjoy
Changes in eating habits
Sleeping too much or sleeping too little
Not having enough energy
Hard to think
You must have symptoms for two weeks before you can be diagnosed with depression.
Who gets affected by Depression?
One in 15 adults; One in 6 people can have an episode at some point in their lives
It can happen anytime but usually happens during late teens - mid-20s
It is likely to affect women more than men; some studies show that one third of women will experience a major episode.
DEPRESSION IS DIFFERENT THAN FEELING SAD OR GRIEF
When you grieve, pain usually comes in waves. When you're depressed, mood and/or interest are decreased for most of two weeks.
when you grieve, your self-esteem tends to stay the same. when you are depressed, you tend to feel worthless.
Biochemistry. Differences in certain chemicals of the brain
Genetics. Depression can run in family
Personality. People with low self-esteem, or who are generally pessimistic
Environmental factors. Continuous exposure to violence, neglect, abuse, or poverty
Treatments usually vary depending on how severe your depression is. Treatments include:
Medication. Antidepressants might be prescribed to help modify one's brain chemistry.
Psychotherapy, or "talk therapy," is sometimes used alone for treatment of depression.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) is a medical treatment most commonly used for patients with severe major depression who have not responded to other treatments. It involves a brief electrical stimulation of the brain while the patient is under anesthesia.
Self Help and Coping
There are things that people can do to help reduce their symptoms of depression.
for many people, regular exercise helps create positive feeling and important mood. Getting enough sleep on a regular basis, eating a healthy diet and avoiding alcohol (a depressant) can also help reduce symptoms of depression.