Depression Jasmin Molina

What is depression?

Depression is a mental heath illness that can make you feel sad and empty or make you think things negatively. It can make it hard for you to have a normal life, but it also has treatments.

Symptoms

  • Feeling sad
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Not enjoying what you used to enjoy
  • Changes in eating habits
  • Sleeping too much or sleeping too little
  • Not having enough energy
  • Feeling worthless
  • Hard to think

You must have symptoms for two weeks before you can be diagnosed with depression.

Who gets affected by Depression?
One in 15 adults; One in 6 people can have an episode at some point in their lives
It can happen anytime but usually happens during late teens - mid-20s
It is likely to affect women more than men; some studies show that one third of women will experience a major episode.
DEPRESSION IS DIFFERENT THAN FEELING SAD OR GRIEF

When you grieve, pain usually comes in waves. When you're depressed, mood and/or interest are decreased for most of two weeks.

when you grieve, your self-esteem tends to stay the same. when you are depressed, you tend to feel worthless.

RISK FACTORS
  • Biochemistry. Differences in certain chemicals of the brain
  • Genetics. Depression can run in family
  • Personality. People with low self-esteem, or who are generally pessimistic
  • Environmental factors. Continuous exposure to violence, neglect, abuse, or poverty
Treatments
  • Treatments usually vary depending on how severe your depression is. Treatments include:
  • Medication. Antidepressants might be prescribed to help modify one's brain chemistry.
  • Psychotherapy, or "talk therapy," is sometimes used alone for treatment of depression.
  • Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) is a medical treatment most commonly used for patients with severe major depression who have not responded to other treatments. It involves a brief electrical stimulation of the brain while the patient is under anesthesia.
Self Help and Coping
  • There are things that people can do to help reduce their symptoms of depression.
  • for many people, regular exercise helps create positive feeling and important mood. Getting enough sleep on a regular basis, eating a healthy diet and avoiding alcohol (a depressant) can also help reduce symptoms of depression.
Created By
Jasmin Molina
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Credits:

Created with images by Ryan_M651 - "Depression" • Megadeth's Girl - "Sad" • sereechaise - "life poor help" • Caroline Davis2010 - "DNA" • deltaMike - "Shrinking Jeremy" • PublicDomainPictures - "active athletic exercise"

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