Finally after a long fight, my family and I are free. We no longer belong to anybody. The 13th amendment passed which freed all the slaves. Northern Troops came down to the South and forced them tO give up their slaves, and thanks to the 14th amendment I'm an official citizen of the United States! The 15th amendment allowed my dad to vote, women cannot vote yet but I'm sure that will come soon!
I feel so free since the 13th amendment passed. Life for African American has changed so much. The Freeman's bureau has buildt schools all over the South, I have the opportunity to learn how to read and write which is something that I wasn't allowed to do under the Black Codes. Nice people from the North come to the South to teach in the schools, they are mostly called Carpetbaggers. There are some whites who support the schools their considered Scalawags, most whites hate us and violently lash out against us.
The South was split up into Military Districts, South Carolina was district two
After the Civil War ended our leaders had different ideas on how to rebuild our nation. Our presidents settled on making Confederate leaders beg for a pardon or they allowed 10% to swear allegiance to the Union for the State to re admitted. While our congress divided the South into to five separate military districts, with Northern troops stationed in them. This plan worked best for my family and I. The Northerners Troops protected us and our house. They made be feel safe in a time of hatred towards African Americans.
State Constitutions 1865-1868
The constitution of 1865 did more harm than good, it failed to give the African Americans the right to vote. Which set up an atmosphere for laws to restrict African Americans. These new laws were a set of rules that plagued the South these laws were identical to Black Codes. My mother and I couldn't sit at the front of the bus. My poor baby brother and I were denied access to certain movie theaters and restaurants. The constitution of 1868 fixed all of this, it ended these laws and got the 14/15 amendments passed!!
Wade Hampton and the southern redeemers 1877-1879
There were many people who didn't like us African Americans. The redeemers led by Wade Hampton were one of many groups who wanted to bring the "old South" back. Violent, racist groups sprouted up everywhere like the KKK, Red Shirts and the Riflemen. This groups tortured African Americans. I remember hearing stories of the horrors that the KKK would do. The stories gave me nightmares.
Ben Tillman 1890-1894
The struggle for African Americans to vote
Ben Tillman is an corrupt, unfair, racist man! He has won the support of all the whites through his speeches, he passed a new constitution because he couldn't live with the old one. This constitution has made Jim Crow Laws and segregation legal! The road for African Americans is going down hill very fast. African Americans are being denied their right to vote by whites. My dad says that when he approached the polls he was forced to take a literacy test, them he was forced to pay a special "poll tax". Ben Tillman created a new college, but sadly it's for whites only. They buildt another School for us, it's called South Carolina State. It's supposed to open the 'separate but equal' ruling by the Supreme Court but as always Clemson is much nicer.