In the time of Jim Crow, it was hard for color skinned people to vote. The Grandfather Laws made it so somebody couldn't vote unless their grandfathers have. First, they would have to pass a difficult voting test. They would then have to pay a voting fee. Afterward, they would still need to get to the voting area without being arrested. A sheriff would then be there to arrest them. Overall, it wasn't easy for them to vote and it wasn't worth trying.
Anybody who was color skinned was segregated, or separated from the whites. There were different schools, bathrooms, restaurants, etc. The buildings for colored skin usually weren't as neat, as they were normally old and run-down.
The Great Depression
The Great Depression had a stronger effect on Southern parts of the states, and less effect on Northern areas of the states. Boll weevil was a problem in cotton fields, reducing small farmers' earnings. Farmers needed to purchase more expensive farm machinery for farming more efficiently after cotton prices reduced, but only some rich landowners could afford the equipment needed, leaving many farmers with little money. A three year drought then began 1925. By this time, it was hard enough for everybody, but it was even harder for the African Americans. Many of which were kicked off of their own land.