Civil War Rachel meyer

In the spring of 1861, tensions between the northern and southern United States exploded into the American Civil War (1861-65). The election of the anti-slavery Republican Abraham Lincoln as president in 1860 caused seven southern states to secede from the Union to form the Confederate States of America; four more joined them after the first shots of the Civil War were fired.

More men died in the Civil War than any other American conflict, and two-thirds of the dead perished from disease. Approximately 625,000 men died in the Civil War, more Americans than in World War I, World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War combined. About 2% of the population
The youngest soldier in the Civil War was a 9-year-old boy from Mississippi. More than 10,000 soldiers serving in the Union Army were under 18 years old.

Seven future U.S. presidents served in the Civil War: Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, William McKinley, James Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, Chester A. Arthur, and Andrew Johnson

In a single day, the 1 million Civil War horses would have peed enough urine to fill more than 12 standard swimming pools.

Horses and other draft animals had about a 7-month life expectancy during the Civil War. As many as 300,000 horses died. More than 3,000 horses were killed at Gettysburg alone.

Dr. Mary Edwards Walker was the first woman surgeon in U.S. Military history, and the only woman in the Civil War to be awarded the Medal of Honor. She is the only female recipient of the award to date
Frances Clayton

About 250 women are thought to have served in the Confederate army disguised as men, with about 400 women serving in a similar manner in the Union Army. Frances Clayton was one such female. She allegedly served in Minnesota artillery and cavalry units along with her husband.

President Lincoln at one time had hoped to relocate the entire black population of the U.S. to Central America. He noted that “I am not, nor ever have been in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races.”
There are more black men in prison today than there were black male slaves in 1850.
Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of Confederate forces west of the Mississippi, signs the surrender terms offered by Union negotiators. With Smith’s surrender, the last Confederate army ceased to exist, bringing a formal end to the bloodiest four years in U.S. history.


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