Anticipatory shot. A kid is getting ready to drop water balloon.
Action shot water balloon falls.
Physical reaction shot as water balloon hits the man.
Emotional reaction shot of man yelling.
Emotional reaction to react shot.
The man walks up to the gates.
He walks through the open gates.
A long shot provides the audience with information about the location,conditions,mood and setting.
Wider than a mid-range shot. Shows action. Also, more surrounding back and front is displayed on the screen.
Mid-ranged shots are used to communicate actions and interactions of characters.
A two-shot is an image that includes two characters. It is used to communicate information regarding their interaction.
A medium close-up shot communicates gesture, broad expressions and action framed within close limits.
Over-the-shoulder shots,are used to draw your audience into the action, as if the audience was in the shot with the character.
Close-up shots:Communicates expression and reaction very well. Close-up shots focus attention on the expression and limit the background distractions.
Be careful... close-up shots limit the space in which your character can move.
Extreme close-up shots are also used to focus attention on details.
Extreme close-up shots can be dramatic and communicate emotional impact!
The use of sound FX and/or dialogue to represent action not visible to the audience.
Aerial Shots can be dramatic. A high camera perspective can communicate an interesting view of a location or action if used in the correct situation. But, be careful, aerial shots can also disorient your audience if not prepared for it.
A tilted camera frame; used if you want to disorient your audience, create anxiety or tension.
Capturing action in the shadows can effectively create an apprehensive, fearful mood.
Be creative. Use varied frame sizes and perspectives to involve and engage your audience. You can even put the audience in the character's situation.
A low angle shot looking up creates a feeling that the character is dominant and superior.
A camera angle looking down on a character communicates to an audience that a character might be weak and vulnerable.
Relative size relationships, proportions and perspectives can be used to create strong emotional responses in your audience. Where you place the camera, the angle, perspective, and frame size you choose all help to emphasize the emotional or psychological impact you wish to communicate.
Don't limit motion in your frame to just lateral (side to side) motion. Use the entire depth of your frame.
Have characters and action move away from the audience...
Don't always position your characters side by side.
Position the characters on an angle, with one a little closer to the camera than the other. This adds interest and engages the audience more.
Plan out how you want to focus the attention of the audience on the center of interest each shot. There are many ways to draw attention to your center of interest. Use shape, contrasting forms and color to focus attention.
Positioning and staging the character and the props to frame the center of interest.
An unplanned shot with no center of interst will confuse the audience.
Dominace: It helps the audience if you design your character so that it stands out.
Don't "camouflage" your characters. Use contrasting shapes, colors and forms to make your characters stand out.
Don't hide your characters in the background. Use lighting to highlight and frame your center of interest.
A pan shot is created when the camera is physically rotated on a tripod as it scans a background. A pan shot can also be created by physically moving the background in front of a stationary camera.
Tracking is accomplished when you physically move the camera on a tracking system laterally.
Trucking the camera in or out a shot is accomplished when you physically move the camera tracking system in and out.
A zoom-out is the creation of an apparent movement away from the subject by manipulation of the zoom ring on the camera lens.
A zoom-in is the apparent movement toward a subject by the manipulation of the zoom ring on the camera lens.
Actual movement. When a character moves across a stationary background.
Apparent movement. When a background is moved behind the subject.
An anticipatory shot is a shot that is planned to set up and ready the audience for the next shot.
An anticipatory action can occur within the same shot and lead up to the main action. In the shot to the left, a character exaggeratedly winds up before punching his victim. The wind up lets the audience anticipate the punch.
Physical forces like gravity, drag, momentum,etc... the "weight" of an object or character will influence how you animate the way it moves, flies, drops, etc...
The way you animate the object, machine, animal, or character will depend on it's design and structure. Natural characters and objects usually move fluidly, unlike mechanical objects. Sometimes physical forces propel objects or impede an object movement.
How your character moves is also determined by how he/she feels; his/her personality what motivates his/her action.
Timing within the shot should reflect the amount of time needed to convey the emotional pacing of the action within the shot.
5 second shot slow timing.