President Thomas Woodrow Wilson By Sophie Miller

Early Life- Woodrow Wilson Was born December 28, 1856 in Staunton, Virginia. His Parents were Joseph and Jessie Wilson. After marrying, Joseph and Jessie moved to the South because Joseph was called to be a minister. Joseph Wilson owned slaves and also defended slavery but also set up a Sunday school for his slaves. Both parents sided with the Confederacy during the American Civil War and they even cared for wounded soldiers at their church. Woodrow Wilson's earliest memory was hearing that Abraham Lincoln had been elected and that a war was coming.

Education- Woodrow Wilson was 10 when he started reading, because he was dyslexic. That didn't stop him though. His dedication taught him the shorthand system and he soon thrived academically. He attended law school for a year at the University of Virginia after graduating from Princeton. Wilson passed the Georgia bar only to retire his practice to follow his dream of political science even though his parents disapproved. Woodrow entered Johns Hopkins University in the fall of 1883. There he studied history, political science and the German language. Three years later, he completed his doctoral dissertation of Congressional Government.

President Woodrow Wilson, His wife, Ellen and their three daughters.

Marriage and family- In the late spring of 1883, Wilson met Ellen Louise Axson. He fell in love with her and they were shortly engaged, but their wedding was delayed due to her family crisis. Her father committed suicide in the Georgia State Mental Hospital. Two years later they were married after sacrificing her promising artistic career. Ellen was pregnant with their first child, Margaret, in 1886. Their second child, Jessie, was born in August 1887.

Elections- Wilson's opponent in the general election for governor of New Jersey was the Republican candidate Vivian M. Lewis. Through his excellent speech making, Wilson showed people that he was a true progressive. He beat Lewis by more than 650,000 votes. After Wilson's election, U.S. Senator Smith asked Wilson to endorse his reelection bid in the state legislature. Wilson refused, and decided to endorse Smith's opponent James E Martine. When James won the seat, Wilson had proudly positioned himself as a new leader in that state. That soon lead to his presidential election in 1912 when he became the 28th president of the United States.

Newspaper headlines around that time.

World War 1- Woodrow Wilson encountered many difficult challenges throughout his presidency, such as World War 1, miners strike, involvement in the Mexican Revolution, and his wife passed due to kidney failure. The most difficult of these problems was World War 1. Wilson tried to stay neutral in the beginning of the war but it just grew more and more difficult. Germany attempted to enlist Mexico as an ally in order to keep America away from the war. They promised Mexico that if Germany won the war they would support Mexico in winning back the states of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona from the U.S. This backfired on Germany and just made the American people more eager to join the war. On top of that, many American ships were being sunk by Germany. The declaration of war by the United States against Germany passed Congress on April 4, 1917, with great opposition from German- Americans.

Final years/ Death- At the end of his second term, Woodrow and his new wife moved out of the white house. They stayed in Washington D.C. and remained active in their community. Wilson still communicated with the public by talking on radio shows and making speeches outside his home. Wilson died at home of a stroke and heart problems at age 67 on February 3, 1924. His belongings on the contents of his home was given to the National Trust for Historic Preservation to be made into a museum after his wife died at age 89. It was later called The Woodrow Wilson house and opened to the public in 1963. His daughters were given $2,500 annually for as long as they remained unmarried and then equally dived his estate one their step-mother had passed.

The Woodrow Wilson House

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.