So, what is Type 1 Diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes is a disease that causes the pancreas to stop producing Insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate high blood sugar, by usually allowing the cells to accept glucose--(simple sugar) from the bloodstream. So, when your body cannot produce the insulin, you must inject yourself with it. Yes, it will hurt just a bit, but the pain will go away. And honestly, taking care of yourself is more important.
Although you must have a strict diet as a diabetic, you can eat virtually anything you'd like. But, it must be in controlled portions, such as 30-60 grams of carbs, and 1,600 calories a day. Of course, it also depends on your lifestyle. Such as, a child should get a bit more calories, and an adult should get roughly 1,600.
Some foods are better suited to diabetics because it can help you stay healthy. Please note the foods down below.
- Beans (Pinto beans, chickpeas, etc)
- Dark green and leafy veggies (Kale, spinach, brusselsprouts, etc)
- Citrus fruit (grapefruit, oranges, kiwis, etc)
- Sweet Potatoes
- Berries (blueberries, strawberries, blackberries, etc)
- Omega-3 Fatty Acids (Salmon is a good source)
- Whole Grains
- Nuts (cashews-- be careful, they're heavy in fats-- almonds, peanuts, pecans, etc)
- Fat-free dairy products (yogurt, milk, frozen yogurt)
How do I monitor my blood sugar levels?
Well, you should ask your doctor if you're supposed to check your sugar levels. Sometimes it's unneeded.
If you do have to check your blood sugar level, you should wash your hands, insert the monitor slip, prick your finger using the correct device, tap the blood with the measuring strip, and wait for your result. Please note that each meter is different in style and design, so you should always check the instruction manual before handling.
What should my levels mean?
Your blood sugar should be 80–130 mg/dl before eating, and less than 180 mg/dl after 1-2 after the meal. A1C is the hemoglobin test, used to measure long-term blood sugar. The lower level of A1C, the better. A normal person has 4-6% while a diabetic has at least a 7%.
Lifestyle and Exercise
Lifestyle and exercise are both important subjects of a diabetic's daily thought.
Before you exercise, check with your doctor. Some people do not have a healthy body, so exercise is out of the question for them. So don't sweat it if you can't exercise. ;)
But, if you can exercise, set realistic goals for yourself. Stay hydrated. Exercise can help manage blood sugar and blood pressure alike, so it's generally much better to practice healthy habits.
Here are some helpful exercises:
- Stationary Biking
Please note: Light to moderate exercise is recommended daily. If you plan on doing heavy exercise, eat larger meals or take more insulin.