Agriculture Morgan marrs

First Agriculture Revolution

The first agriculture revolution was the transition from hunting and gathering to growing and raising plants and animals. It occurred from 10,000 BC to 2000 BC in the Middle East when humans started to settle and plant crops and domesticate animals. Humans domesticated plants 14,000 years ago. 8,000 years ago they started animal domestication to eat and to use for work around the farm. When this transition happened it allowed people to start permanent settlement and establish social classes.

Wheat is one of the first grown crops.

Second agriculture revolution

The second agriculture revolution went hand in hand with the industrial revolution to increase production and distribution of products. This occurred in the late 1700s to the late 1800s. It allowed farms to double or triple in size with all of the industrial advantages. With these advantages they did not need more workers on the farms and the workers could move to cities to work in factories. With the increase in production of crops it allowed the population to grow locally and globally.

The second agriculture revolution created more industrial tools which made farming bigger and faster with the same or less amount of labor.

Third agriculture revolution

The third agriculture revolution is the use of fertilizer and other chemicals to increase production of crops so countries could feed all their people. This revolution rapidly diffused in 1970-1980 but in still affect today. Scientists can alter crops to grow faster and stronger in certain environmental conditions or regions. With the use of these new fertilizers, the goal is to reduce hunger around the world.

In modern day farming there is a lot of big industrial equipment used and the crops are altered to grow faster and produce more.


Genetically modified organisms are when the genes from the DNA from one organism are extracted and forced into another organism. They can help save farmers' time and work by spraying chemicals that reduce or kill pests. It also helps the production of crops because the plant is stronger and healthier. GMO'S can be good because they can reduce disease, wider the selection of food, and costs a lot less to produce the food. Even though GMO'S can be good, they can also have negative effects. If a human eats large amounts of these chemicals, it can be poisonous to them and be bad for their health. Different people have different views of GMO'S.

Types of farming

Subsistence farming is where farmers focus on growing just enough food for themselves and their family.

Sustainable farming is the production of food, fiber, or other plant or animal products using techniques that protect the environment.

Commercial farming is food produced using advanced technology that is meant to sell or make profit off of.

Fun Facts

  • There are 2.2 million farms in the United States
  • Farm families make up 2.2% of the U.S. population
  • The four major crops in 2012 were soybean, cotton, maize, and canola
  • Monsanto farming is the leading producer of genetically engineered seeds

GMO video


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