Immediate cause of the Persian Gulf war
-Iraq refused to cooperate with UN.
-UN drew up Resolution 678
*Resolution 678: gave Iraq until 15 January 1991 to withdraw from Kuwait and empowered states to use "all necessary means" to force Iraq out of Kuwait after the deadline.
Long term cause of the Persian Gulf war
-Oil tankers from Kuwait was attacked during the war fought between Iraq and Iran.
-It effected US economy
Long term conflict of Mideast since World War I.
Key people involved
President Saddam Hussein was architect of the plan to invade Kuwait.
Foreign Minister Tariq Azia acted as chief spokesperson in the international community.
Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir was the top decision maker for Israel.
Defense Minister Moshe Arens was responsible for his country's defense efforts.
President George Bush was the top decision maker for the United States and took on leadership of the world coalition.
General Colin Powell, as Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff, served as the liaison between the president and the military.
General Normal Schwarzkopf was the chief architect and commander of all military operations in the Gulf.
James Baker, as Secretary of State, led all of the diplomatic efforts.
Richard Cheney, as Secretary of Defense, was responsible for defense planning.
Brent Scowcroft was a critical adviser to President Bush in his capacity as National Security Adviser.
President Hosni Mubarak made decisions for Egypt's participation in the war and took an active role in diplomatic efforts to prevent the conflict.
Background of Persian Gulf war
-Arab powers such as Saudi Arabia and Egypt called Western nations to intervene the national problem caused by Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.( invasion of Kuwait)
-War ended with most Iraqi forces in Kuwait had either surrendered or fled.
Future events influenced by Persian Gulf war
-The Persian Gulf war led to a second Gulf War–known as the Iraq War–that began in 2003.
-Many veteran still experiencing gulf war syndrome( paranoia)
Suggestion movies about the Persian Gulf War
-The Hurt Locker( second Persian gulf war, Iraq war)