Anti Communism: During one of his speeches, McCarthy held up a paper of 205 names of known supposed Communists in the State Department. This list consisted of the names of people who had been accused of disloyalty. When pressed for details, he reduced the number from 205 to 57. This speech set off an era of paranoia and accusation
Anti Communism Propaganda was meant to target and terrify.
McCarthy's Bop to the Top: After the first speech, McCarthy soon began to target larger, more known people. This includes the Secretary of State George Marshall, a national hero, and various others. During this time, the Communist aggression in Korea was growing at an alarming rate, creating more fear in the American citizens. This allowed McCarthy to gain support.
McCarthy made sure that propaganda was released to make sure people would go along with him. This is one of the most common of the posters released.
This image depicts communists very negatively.
The Beginning of the End: In the year 1954, after McCarthy began to accuse members of the army as Communists, military and political leaders decided he needed to be stopped.
This is McCarthy in front of one of his maps of supposed Communist locations.
Charges: McCarthy was charged by army officials and this began a battle of charges and counter charges exchanged between the army and McCarthy. During this time, the senator's subcommittee voted to further investigate the claims made. In April 1954, Army-McCarthy trials began. The Democratic party requested that all of the trials would be televised, in an attempt to reveal to the country who McCarthy really was. Because McCarthy was so obsessed with publicity, he agreed. Not knowing what he was actually getting himself into. The next several weeks after the trials began, at home audiences were watching, as McCarthy proved to them who he really was.
Behind the scene of the McCarthy Trial.
Alone: When June came around, the trials finally came to a close. It was at this point that McCarthy was truly alone, not even having his most die-hard supporters. He was condemned by the Senate for reckless choices and actions. Despite this, he remained unmoved. He began to attack those accusing them, claiming they were communists as well. It doesn't matter though. All of his credibility was completely diminished and he was utterly alone, not one supporter left. Three years after the trials ended, he passed away. Dying as a "broken man".
In the end the only person he had left was himself.
The End of an Era: With the end of the trials came the end of the second red scare America faced as a country. This one, rather similar to the scare that followed World War I, subsided. Though, it was subsided, it was not forgotten. The nation was damaged from a time where free speech and honest, open debate was suppressed.
The McCarthy era would soon become known as the Red Scare.