Gabby Giffords was 41 when her traumatic brain injury occurred.
She was 41 and before becoming a U.S. House of Representative and Congresswomen of Arizona she was an urban planner. Then afterward graduating from Tucson's university High School, Giffords got accepted into Scripps College, a small, female dominated school in California. She was also Married to Mark Kelly an astronaut.
on January 8th 2011, Giffords went to an event called "Congress On Your Corner" at a Tucson grocery store. She wanted to give her constituents a chance to meet with her, but the event soon turned deadly when 22-year-old Jared Lee Loughner shot Giffords in the head. Gabby was not the only victim during the shooting,
A 9 mm bullet fired point-blank at the left rear of her head passed through the brain and exited the left front of her head near her left eye. This part of the brain controls vision, language, and the ability to move the right side of the body.
Gabby ould understand simple taskc and perform them. She was also able to move the right side of her body. The main issue was if the pressure from the swelling reaches the arterial blood pressure, you no longer get blood flow to the brain and the brain is starved of blood.
Traumatic brain injury or TBI is a noncongenital insult to the brain from an external mechanical force, possibly leading to permanent or temporary impairment of cognitive, physical, and psychosocial functions.
Gabby giffords doctors had to remove part of her skull, and put her in a medically induced coma. A concentrated sugar solution was given to draw fluid out of the brain, hyperventilation via a respirator can kept her brain cells from starving of oxygen.
She had difficulty speaking and understanding speech, reading
increased impulsivity, lack of emotional control, decreased problem-solving ability
diminished, long-term planning, and problems with hand/eye coordination.
During rehab gabby had a team of specialist that help through recovery. Her team included A physiatrist, neuropsychologist, speech therapist, physical therapist, and occupational therapist.
A year after her injury Gabby resigned from Congress and devoted her time to recovery. Her husband and her wrote a book about her recovery and how they had hope. They later also co-founded Americans for Responsible Solutions, an organization that seeks to reduce gun violence. People who usually suffer a bullet to the brain don't survive but Gabby pulled through. She fights everyday to be better than what she was and work towards making the community a safer place for everyone.