Southern Africa pages 377-396

Landforms and Bodies of Water

Landforms

A land form in Southern Africa is The Kalahari Desert

Another Landform in Southern Africa is Namibia

And the final landform is the Drakensberg Mountains

Bodies of Water

1. Zambezi

2. Limpopo

3. Orangedrain

Question: Which type of landform is common in Southern Africa is common in Southern Africa

Answer: A common landform are plateaus, grasslands, deserts, mountains

Tropical Zone

1. Tropic Of Capricorn

2. Mozambique

Temperate Zones

1. Namibia

2. Botswana

Desert Regions

1. Namib

2. Kalahari

Question: Why are temperatures in Southern Africa's tropical countries generally not hot?

Answer: They aren't usually hot because they it's in a wet zone

Natural Resources

1. Platnium

2. Chromium

3. Gold

4. Diamonds

Question: What natural resources are found in Southern Africa, and why are they important?

Answer: there's energy, minerals and other resources, they are important because they provide things for the people in Southern Africa.

South Africa's resource: First resource is Chromium. The next resource is gold

Energy Resources: An energy resource is gas. Another one is electric power.

Minerals and other resources: A resource is zinc. Another resource is copper.

Wildlife: Wildebeests, lions, zebras, giraffes, and many other animals

Question: How does deforestation affect the energy supply in the region?

Answer: It could stop them from producing there foods and other supplies thry need.

Lesson 2

Rise of the Kingdoms: Trade among groups moved them to the east coast, the item traded were for minerals and luxury items.

Great Zimbabwe

Around year A.D. 900, the Shona people built a wealthy and powerful kingdom which is now called Zimbabwe. Great Zimbabwe was the largest of similar cities in the region.

The Mutapa Empire

In the late 1400's the Shona conquered the region between Zambezi and Limpopo river from Zimbabwe to the coast of Mozambique. Like Zimbabwe, the Mutapa Empire thrived on the gold it mined and traded for goods from China and India.

Other Kingdoms

The Zulu leader Shaka united his people in the early 1800s to form the Zulu empire in what is now South Africa. He built a powerful army and used it to expand the empire by conquering neighboring people.

European Colonies

Around 1500, Portugal and other European countries began establishing settlements along the African coast.

Clashes in South Africa

During the 1600s till about the 1800s Europeans set up trading posts but did not establish colonies, which are large territories with settlers from the home country.

The Union Of South Africa

Beginning in the 1830s, thousands of Bores left the colony in a migration called the Great Trek and settled north of the Orange River.

Colonialism in Other Areas

While the British and The Boers competed for south Africa, other European countries competed for the rest of Africa.

Question: Which European country claimed the most territory in Southern Africa in the 1800s?

Answer: Britain claimed most of Southern Africa

Independence and Equal Rights

French rule in Madagascar ended in 1960, making it the first Southern African country to gain independence.

The End of Portuguese Rule

Portugal didn't give up land so there were break out in Angola and Mozambique.

The Birth of Zimbabwe

After granting Malawi and Zambia independence, Britain prepared to free neighboring Zimbabwe.

Equal Rights in South Africa

By the 1970's apartheid-related events in South Africa gained world attention. Countries began placing embargos, or bans on trade, on South Africa. The ANC easily won elections held in 1994 and Mandela became the countries president.

Lesson 3

Life In Southern Africa

The people of the Region

The regions African population is made up of many different ethnic and culture groups.

Population Patterns

Southern Africa's countries vary widely in population. Fewer than 2 million people live in the small countries Lesotho and Swaziland. South Africa, which surrounds both of them, has the regions largest population- about 49 million.

Ethnic and Culture Groups

African are not a single group. Southern Africa is home to many ethnic and cultural groups who speak several different languages. One group the Shona, makes up more than 80% of the population of the country Zimbabwe.

Religion and Languages

Southern Africa's colonial past has also influenced its people's religious beliefs. In almost every country, most of the people are Christians.

What is the main religion practiced in Southern Africa?

Answer: The main religion practiced is Christianity.

Life in Southern Africa

As in other regions of Africa, life differs from city to countryside.

Urban Life

South Africa has 4 cities-Durban, Ekurhuleni, Cape Town, and Johannesburg- whit populations with around 3 million or more.

Urban Growth and Change

The rapid growth of some cities has strained public utilities such as trash collection, sewage, treatment, and water distribution. Luanda, for example, has had many problems providing enough clean water for its many people. Outbreaks of cholera and other disease have resulted from drinking polluted water.

Family and Traditional Life

People who move to the cities must adjust to new experiences and a different way of life. In the countryside, traditional ways of life remain strong.

Question: Where in their countries do most Southern Africans live?

Answer: They live more in the countryside.

Southern Africa Today

Southern Africa's wealth of mineral, wildlife, and other resources may be the key to its future.

Health Issues

In the majority of countries, most people do not live beyond age 50, or 55.

Disease

Malaria, a tropical disease carried by mosquitoes, is a problem in several countries. Dysentery and cholera, potentially fatal diseases caused by bacteria in water, are also widespread. So is tuberculosis.

Progress and Growth

Angola and Mozambique continue to rebuild the cities and towns, industries, railroads, and communication systems that have been damaged or destroyed by years of civil war. Oil exports in Angola and aluminum exports in Mozambique help finance this effort.

Help From Other Countries

The United States had used economic aid to strengthen democracy in Southern Africa Other U.S. programs have provided billions of dollars to pay for medicine for Aids sufferers and orphans.

Question: Why is life expectancy in Southern Africa so low?

Answer: There isn't good health.

Credits:

Created with images by alberto.dargenio - "Elephant" • stweyer - "desert namibia kalahari desert" • FuN_Lucky - "namibia desert sand" • sandrapetersen - "south africa drakensburg mountains" • nike159 - "victoria falls waterfall zambezi" • CLsa - "crossing the limpopo" • melycgcg - "Lion" • rosshuggett - "untitled image"

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