Designing With Materials Caroline Guay

Elements Of Design

Elements of Design­ (CVSSTFL) Color, Value, Shape, Space, Texture, Form, Line Principles of Design­ (BECRUMP) Balance, Emphasis, Contrast, Rhythm, Unity, Movement, Pattern


An element of art referring to a two­dimensional area clearly set off by one or more of the other visual elements, such as color, value, line, texture, and space.


The element that is the distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things. It can be either three­dimensional or two­dimensional.

Reflection Questions:

1. Did you feel more comfortable working with geometric or organic shapes,and why? ------I like to use organic shapes more than geometric because I ca be more creative. Using all geometric shapes I feel there isn't as much freedom to creativity compared to making a new shape and making new designs.

2. How did you make the viewer’s eye move across the page?------- I began at the bottom of the page and made larger shapes as I moved up the page. The picture I made started with a large base where I chose to put the pop of color. Moving up from the color was small to large leaf-like shapes.

3. What does harmony mean in a design project?-------Harmony means the materials selected to merge are working well together to make a interesting piece of art. This would mean the final product is pleasing to the eye.

4. How can you achieve balance in a design project?--------balance can be achieved by  creating the correct amount of space in-between shapes. Also placing enough to cover the page but not too much going on in a project.

5. Are their any new vocabulary words you used in this project?Which ones?------ Yes, I used Emphasis and Balance when putting the pop of color and making correct spacing between shapes

6. How could you use the image you created in future projects?------ I could use this to think of new designs,I could use this project to mix geometric with organic shapes and create an interesting project.

7. If you could introduce one color to the black and white ­what would you choose?-------- I chose orange to get an effect of a sun or flower. With the color chosen the artwork gives the viewer to have imagination on what they think it looks more like.

8. What could a preference towards symmetry or a symmetry say about your personality?----------- I like having an organized template to put the pieces onto before I begin gluing. This meaning I like organization and pieces which fit to the page well and create an interesting image. I used three pieces to create the leaf like shapes, one small medium and large. I made those as a template to make each section of leaf shapes the same size or symmetrical.

starting project with outline of where to put leaf like white cutouts. shows beginning of gluing in sketched out positions.
Finishing Product with pop of color at bottom and slightly bigger leaves going up the paper

Glass Making

Description-Description is identifying the literal qualities or realistic presentation of subject matter, along with the elements of art found. It demands only the facts of what can be seen, often in one or more works of art; and partly two or more works can be described by comparing them to each other.

Design-A plan, or to plan. The organization or composition of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts. An effective design is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity.

Dominance-The part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence. A certain color can be dominant, and so can an object,line, shape, or texture.

Form-The element of art that refers to an object with three-dimensions (height, width, and depth) and encloses volume.

Hue-The colors name. Example: red

Proportion-The relation of one thing to another with respect to size and placement.

Variety-The combination of elements or art, such as line, shape, or color, in an artwork. Variety is a principle of design.

Reflection: Glass making was hard only because I wasn't working with shapes that completely fit together. I was working with many triangle type shapes which were hard to fit into my design. The hardest part was trying to get the glass to stay in place as I was moving it. Overall I enjoyed this project and think the outcome was great

Print Making

Contour-The outline of a shape.

Cross-hatching-A method of showing value by using parallel lines at different angles that get darker as they are drawn closer together.

Focal Point-The area in a work of art that an artist emphasizes.

Horizon Line-In an artwork, the line where the ground and sky appear to meet.

Monochromatic-A color scheme using only tints and shades of a single color.

Monoprint-A print made from a plate that can be used only once.

Neutrals-A word used for black, white, and tints and shades of gray. (Some artists use tints and shades of brown as neutrals.)

Plate-In printmaking, a piece of flat material, such as wood or metal, with a design on the surface. The plate is used to print the design.

Print-An artwork created by making an impression of a design.

Print making-The transference of an image from one surface (plate or block) to another (usually paper) with ink. The process of making one or more prints.

Relief Printing-A print made by covering a printing block with ink or paint and pressing paper onto the block. The areas or lines gouged out do not print. (Examples: woodcut, block print, linocut, styrofoam plate, etc.

Beginning to transfer final design onto 6" by 6" paper
Transfer of final design sketch onto print board and beginning to cut
Using gouge to cut out design on print board

Mixed Media


Abstract-A style of art that is not realistic. Unusual lines, colors, and shapes make the subject look unrealistic. It is often characterized by the use of geometric lines and shapes and bold, bright colors.

Acrylics-Quick drying, plastic polymer pigment used with water.

Additives-The process of adding or joining parts and/or visual elements together to create a painting, collage or sculpture (as opposed to subtractive).

Background-The part of the picture plane that seems to be farthest from the viewer.

Foreground-Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be nearer the viewer or in the “front” of the image. Middle ground and background are the parts of the picture that appear to be farther and farthest away.

Intensity-Also called chroma or saturation; refers to the brightness of a color (a color is full in intensity only when in its pure form and unmixed). Color intensity can be changed by adding black, white, gray or an opposite color on the color wheel.

Middle Ground-Area of a two-dimensional work of art between the foreground (closest to the front) and background (furthest receded).

Mixed Media-An artwork in which more than one type of art material is used.

Nonobjective-Having no recognizable object or subject; also, nonrepresentational.

Watercolor-A transparent pigment used with water. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors.

Reflection- I enjoyed the project but felt my piece of art was getting overcrowded. I had added too much of each step to the project. The start to the project design mixed well but once I got to

First step-tape and white crayon to allow color not to spread in those areas
After painting, I took off the tape and this was what was created
After putting more taped off areas this is the screen print pattern
After screen printing I added more taped off areas which i then painted with the rubber scraper design
After the rubber scraper painting, I began adding zen tangling to the middle strip of white. At this step i focused on blending the green smear with the zen tangle.

Silk Painting


Analogous Color-Colors that appear next to each other on the color wheel. Analagous colors have one hue in common. For example, blue, blue-green, and blue-violet all contain blue. Also called related colors.

Color-The visual sensation dependent on the reflection or absorption of light from a given surface. An element of art made up of three distinct qualities: hue, intensity, and value.

complementary colors-Colors that contrast with one another. Complementary colors are opposite one another on the color wheel.

cool colors-The family of colors that includes greens, blues, and violets. Cool colors bring to mind cool things, places, and feelings.

Gutta Resist-Prevents dye from reaching the fabric; it resists the dye.

Intermediate colors-Colors that are a mixture of a primary and a secondary color. Blue-green, red-orange, and red-violet are examples of intermediate colors.

Primary Colors-Colors that are mixed to make all other colors. The primary colors are red, yellow, and blue.

Secondary Colors-A color made by mixing two primary colors. An equal mixture of primary colors. The secondary colors are green, violet, and orange.

Warm Colors-The family of colors that includes reds, yellows, and oranges. Warm colors bring to mind warm things, places, and feelings.

Batik Painting


Chroma-The purity of a color or its freedom from white or gray.

Color Relationship-Also called color schemes or harmonies. The relationships of colors on the color wheel. Basic color schemes include monochromatic, analogous, and complementary

Color Wheel-A circular diagram of the spectrum used to show the relationships between the colors

Contrast-The differences in elements, opposites.

Emphasis-The significance or importance given to an element of design.

Movement-Visual flow through the composition.

Pattern-Repeated colors, lines, shapes, or textures in an artwork. Pattern is a principal of design. Also, a plan or model to be followed when making something.

Repetition-Repetition refers to one object or shape repeated.

Rhythm-The repeating of one or several elements to create movement.

Tint-A color such as pink that is created by mixing a hue with white. Also, a light value of a color.

Tjanting-A tool used in creating batik patterns. (Batik is a wax resist decorative technique used on fabric.) They hold and dispense hot wax in such a way that the artist can control the pattern laid down by the wax with a great deal of precision.

Triad-The three color scheme on the color wheel based on a logical relationship.

Value-The element of art that describes the lightness or darkness of


What was the hardest thing about the batik process? finding the correct colors to make the picture work.

What did you learn about color mixing with your batik? some warm colors make the cool colors pop, although if mixed will make brown

What do you wish you would have learned or understood about the process before you started your batik? the wax can crack and colors will mix with the intended colors

What was your color order? white then light yellows to dark yellows to light greens to dark greens then to light blue and dark blue as well as dark and light purple

If you did it over again what would you do differently? I would change my design to more nature rather than an animal

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