The Beginning of the Movement.
The movement can be traced all the way back to the founding of the National Association of Advancement of Colored People. Also known as NAACP which was founded in 1901.
How was Segregation enforced.
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States. Enacted after the Reconstruction period, these laws continued in force until 1965. Even in the north blacks were treated inferior to whites.
Members of the NAACP.
Who where involved in the NAACP. Members included W.E.B. Du Bols, who visioned African Americans having a full and equal place in U.S. society. Which at the time was a radical position at the time.
The End of the Movements legacy
Even though legislative goals were being met, the movement was fragmenting and was fading away. Not only that but the members were losing hope.
What age group did the movement rely on?
Losing the older activist made the movement to start relying primarily on young activist many of them began to lose hope and drift away in the mid 1960's.
Who else began drifting away?
In addition to that some militants including Stokely Carmicheal along with others of the student non-violent cordnading-comitii became increasingly disenchanted.
What caused the movement to stop?
With the white perticipents beganing organizing themselves at the concept of black power. The assinating of Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968 dealt a final blow to the movement But the movement was still successful.
Uschan, Michael V. "Fighting Segregation." The Civil Rights Movement, Lucent Books, 2010, pp. 63-74. American History. Gale Virtual Reference Library, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GVRL&sw=w&u=j015915_hs&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CCX3775700014&asid=5e979f77afc76a40e69517b2a0d89f0e. Accessed 3 Apr. 2017.
"Civil Rights Movement." Gale Encyclopedia of American Law, edited by Donna Batten, 3rd ed., vol. 2, Gale, 2010, pp. 419-425. Gale Virtual Reference Library, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GVRL&sw=w&u=j015915_hs&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CCX1337700849&it=r&asid=60fdbfdae9f789213575662c461eb283. Accessed 19 Apr. 2017.