In To Kill a Mockingbird, author Harper Lee shows civil rights and racism in the segregated Southern United States of the 1930s. Scout Finch the main character lives with her brother Jem and Atticus her father. Atticus is a lawyer who's trying to prove Tom Robinson a black man innocent who is being accused of rape. Jem and Scout are mischievous kids who are trying to get a glimpse of the " horrible ", "scary" Boo Radley, so they say, who in the end is not so scary after all.
Harper Lee was born in Monroeville, Alabama on April 28, 1926. In 1944, at 18 years old, Harper Lee enlisted in Huntingdon College in Montgomery, Alabama. From 1945 to 1949 she contemplated law at the University of Alabama, yet six months before finishing her schooling, Lee chose to go to New York to become a writer. In 1957 Harper presented a rough copy to J. B. Lippincott Company, who later said they thought her story was a bunch of short stories mashed all together and to rewrite it. Harper burned through more than two years to modify it and it was worth it, despite all the trouble because in 1960 her book to kill a mockingbird was published. Not long after the book won the Pulitzer Award in 1961 and was made a motion picture in 1962 and on February 19, 2016, Harper Lee tragically passed away.
The term Bildungsroman was first used in 1819 by philologist Karl Morgenstern in his university lectures, and later famously reprised by Wilhelm Dilthey, who legitimated it in 1870 and popularized it in 1905. The word means a novel dealing with one person's formative years or spiritual education. So in the book To Kill a Mockingbird it applies because the book is a three-year span of a really important time of Scout Finch's life (dealing with one person's formative years.)
Jean Louis ( Scout ) Finch
Storyteller of the story, Jean Louis Finch is a tomboy who solves issues with violence, not her head. To Kill a Mockingbird demonstrates two Scouts: the young lady encountering the story and the grown-up Jean Louise who recounts the story. The grown-up version sees and realizes that Atticus Finch is remarkable, however, the child version believes he's boring "Our father didn't do anything . . . he never went hunting, he did not play poker or fish or drink or smoke. He sat in the living room and read." Even though the story is a three-year span, Scout takes in a considerable measure of profitable life lessons. One lesson that Scout is genuinely ready to join into her perspective is the need of walking in another person's shoes. Atticus starts showing her the significance of taking a gander at things from the other individual's perspective early on in the story. He calls attention to her own particular failings around there and demonstrates his point in his own cooperation with other individuals. Toward the end of the story, Scout can place herself in Boo Radley's shoes, the person she's feared most all through the story.
Jeremy ( Jem ) Atticus Finch
Jem ages from 10 to 13 years old in the story and you see him growing up, but from his sisters point of view. Jem is a brave kid and his view on bravery changes, probably because of the age his is. At the beginning of the story Dill the neighbour dares him to touch the Radley's house ( Where the scary Boo Radley lives ) and he did because "In all his life, Jem had never declined a dare." As the story when't on he was standing with Atticus when the mob was there. Jem very much wants to be like his father, and plans to follow him into law. He looks up to Atticus and would rather risk injury than disappoint his father. By the end of the story Jem becomes a very mature and responsible teen and goes from dragging Scout around to protecting her like when Mr. Ewell attacked.
Atticus is a defence attorney who in the story is defending Tom Robinson a black man accused of raping a white girl Mayella Ewell. Atticus believes in justice and the justice system. He knows before he even took Tom's case that he wasn't going to win, but that didn't stop him from making a strong defence. Atticus is a man who looks at black people not by their colour but as a person. He lets Jem and Scout go to church with Calpurnia. I think he excepts it because he can "climb into other people's skin and walk around in it."
Exposition: We begin in Maycomb, a sleepy little town in Alabama. The good: our heroes, the Finches, have lived there for generations and feel right at home in their friendly, cozy community. The bad: this friendly, cozy community isn't so friendly and cozy with the blacks. This is 1930s America, and racism is the name of the ugly game. Our unnamed narrator gives us all the deets we need to understand the conflict that's about to erupt between the anti-racist Atticus and his racist but beloved neighbors. Rising Action: Scout and Jem father Atticus is representing a black man. During the trial they learn valuable lessons about justice, commitment and what is right. Climax: Tom is found guilty. Falling Action: Bob Ewell threatens to harm Atticus and Toms wife. Resolution: Bob tries to kill Jem and Scout, but Boo Radley comes to the rescue, saves the kids and kills Bob Ewell.
Harper Lee was born in 1926 in Monroeville, Alabama. Her father practised law in the town and Harper Lee studied law at the University of Alabama. The southern states of the United States of the 1930s and 1940s of Harper Lee's girlhood were strongly influenced by their history of slavery which had officially ended with the American Civil War (1861 1865). Some knowledge of the history of the American South, and of the Civil War of 1861 65 in particular, is essential to a proper understanding of To Kill a Mockingbird. It is set in the period from 1933 to 1935, but the past is still strongly alive in the minds of the characters, and the moral and social issues with which the novel is concerned are those which were fought over in the Civil War.