What Caused the Bhopal Disaster?
A combination of design flaws, operating mistakes, maintenance failures, and training errors caused a tragic gas leak that killed a minimum of 2,000 deaths. There were at least 10 violations of standard procedure. A few months before the leak the manager shut down the refrigeration unit that was supposed to keep methyl isocyanate cool and keep from chemical reactions. Workers ignored the leak when it first started. Many thought it was just a simple water leak. There was no alarm to warn any workers or civilians.
Bhopal Union Carbide Corporation spent 2 million dollars on waste removal, but the problem was not fixed. A twenty five million dollar waste clean up is estimated to fix the problems that the leak caused. However neither the company nor property owners will accept responsibility and pay. The IMCB, a team of medical and engineering professionals, recommend a system of community. This would include health services that would work on long term effects of gas exposure. The system is expected to cost the U.S 5.6 million dollars a year but would be able to be used by all the affected areas. It is has been estimated that if the system is used correctly then by seventy years the problem will be solved.