Is clean Drinking Water a Fallacy? Tara Arkins

NEPAL

Access to Drinking Water

Nepal is one of the poorest nations in the world with a gross population of around 27 million with poor living conditions it makes life unbearable. Nepal is a land locked country which lies between Tibet and India and contains the tallest mountain in the world Mt. Everest.

Access to water would have to be one of Nepals biggest weakness, to supply the whole population with clean, drinkable, uncontaminated water. Basic necessities for Nepalese people that people in their day to day life take for granted would be basic needs that Nepalese people don't receive daily.

Ways for Nepalese people to access water would be through small brooks from the mountains this would supply water for people living in remote areas. In a normal day hours can be spent in search for a clean drop of water that is satisfactory to drink. The amount of water is rapidly decreasing and reasons why this is happening is because there is degradation on the surface of Katmandu Valley causing unsuitability and this is due to anthropogenic and natural contaminates.

The treatment and filtration of the access to water is severely limited this meaning that people are at risk of catching waterborne diseases such as diarrhoea, dysentery, typhoid, gastroenteritis and cholera. Another factor of the unhygienic environmental situation and the contaminated water the likeliness of catching disease is increased. A large portion of the Nepalese population are deprived of the necessary clean drinking water in order for survival.

Access to drinking water over the past 2 years had helped indefinitely, allowing around 27 000 Nepalese people to have access to clean, safe drinking water. Water outlets such as streams, wells and rivers has increased from 20 per cent.

Overall Nepal is increasing its ability to supply clean drinking water the countries people and this is shown through the increasing amount of people receiving it. There is a way to help this through donations allowing Nepalese people to build wells, catchment areas and dams to supply reliable drinking water.

Warragamba Dam

Access to Drinking Water in Australia

Warragamba Dam is one of the largest of Sydney's drinking water catchments, covering a land of over 9,050 km. Two rivers that flow into the dam include the Cox's river and the Wollondilly river. Neighbouring towns include Lithcomb, Goblin and Bowral. The dam would be one of Australia's largest concrete dam of one of the largest raw water dams in the world.
Threats to the water include the high number of pathogens in animal and human faeces and this is a cause of most waterborne diseases. There will be an increase in turbidity when sediments run off the land are carried by the rainfall into the water. Some management strategies to reduce water threats include a clean out to prevent chemicals being dumped and seeping into waterways. There are also communities and emergency services which are always alert incase there is any risk to water quality this being from road accidents or vehicle spills.

Access to drinking water in Australia is classified as high taking into consideration the rest of the world and that more than 1 billion people don't have the same access to drinking water as we do. Being one of the world largest domestic water supply it is ably to provide water for 3.4 million people living in greater Sydney.

statistics of Warragamba dam

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