Constitution Curation By Kaylee W

Legislative Branch: In Article 1 of the Constitution, the Legislative Branch is explained. The Legislative Branch is all about making laws, though they do have some other powers. The Congress, as it's called, consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate has 100 members and a 6 year term, and the House has 435 members and 2 year term.

Executive Branch: The Executive Branch talked about in Article 2 of the Constitution. It's the part of our government that executes laws, or enforces them. The President and Vice President are the head of this branch, along with 15 other departments.

Judicial Branch: The Judicial Branch is the branch that is described in Article 3. This is the branch that focuses on judging based on the law. People in the Supreme Court are appointed, and serve till they die, retire, or are removed for bad behavior. There are no real requirements for age limit and citizenship in the Constitution. Instead, members of Congress and the Department of Justice have created their own qualifications.

Splitting the government into three branches to help distribute the power was a good idea but what was to stop one branch from becoming too powerful than the others? Checks and Balances is the solution to that problem. It's a system that allows the branches to limit each other's power. This system came into use in real life when Trump signed an executive order banning people from 7 countries. This choice has left people stranded in airports, and people who even have a valid visas were not allowed in at first. This where the Judicial branch can come in. The can find out if the executive order violates the constitution, and if it does, they can ban it's enforcement.

So- Why do we have federalism?

When America was forming a government, states were concerned about losing power to other states, and about losing power to the national government. They didn't want a government too strong that there would be tyranny, but strong enough to unite the states. Federalism was basically a compromise that allowed some powers belong to the federal government, and other powers to belong to each of the states. Because of federalism there are both federal and state legal systems. Federalism is important for small states because it allows them to have an equal amount of power as other, bigger, states.

How to amend the Constitution-



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