Boom to Bust Visual Essay BY: CASSI BARBATO

Home Life

1920s

Most women in the 1920s were flappers. They were always happy and more rebellious.

1930s

Most women in the 1930s stayed at home to support their families. They couldn't afford to buy anything so they made food at home.

Leisure Time

1920s

Many Americans either played sports or went to sports games/events in their leisure time.

1930s

Many Americans went to see movies during the Great Depression to escape reality of their struggles.

1920s

The Harlem Renaissance brought new life to African Americans. Jazz was listened to by all races not just African Americans.

1930s

African Americans didn't have a lot of leisure time in the 1930s. Instead they had to take care of their families because it was hard to get jobs.

Economy

1920s

Farmers were buying new and improved machines to help meet the demand for crops.

1930s

Farms were abandoned after the Dust Bowl caused deaths and farmers could no longer grow crops in the soil.

1920s

Mexican Americans worked as migrant workers in the 1920s which is how they made money.

1930s

These Mexican Americans who worked as migrant workers in the 1920s are now jobless and are getting deported from the country.

Role of Government

1920s

President Herbert Hoover did not do much as people were homeless and jobless so they created hoovervilles. These were tiny shacks that were named hoovervilles because people blamed Hoover.

1930s

Under FDR's New Deal people got jobs back and were able to make money to feed their families.

Narrative

Throughout the 1920s, the economy was booming and consumerism was rising. People were buying products on credit and spending more money than they had. Also, stocks were overpriced and people were paying more money than they had on margin which led to the stock market crash in October 1929. This was one of the causes of the Great Depression. In the 1920s, women were more outgoing and rebellious. They wore shorter clothes than before and most became flappers where they danced in night clubs and stayed out later. On the other hand, women in the 1930s had to stay home and take care of their families because they didn’t have jobs. Due to the fact that they didn’t have jobs, they also didn’t have money so they had to cook themselves and do everything by themselves. During the 1920s, most people spent their leisure time watching sports or going to see baseball games. They spend their time on something fun and enjoyable to do. However, in the 1930s people spent their leisure time on going to the movies. This kept their mind off what was going on in their lives. It helped them escape reality. Also during the 1920s, the economy was the best it had ever been and people were spending money on new products. Businesses were doing really well and the stock market was rising. Farmers were buying new machines to help farm faster. They had a high demand for crops and needed to meet it. However, they bought these on credit and didn’t have the money to pay it back. In the 1930s, farmers got hit with a Dust Bowl because they loosened the top soil from the ground which blew away. Many people died or moved to California in search for jobs and money. California became too crowded and streets were closed. The president throughout the 1920s was Herbert Hoover who was known for doing nothing. When the stock market crashed, he did nothing to help the American people recover. On the other hand in the 1930s, Franklin D. Roosevelt was president and did as much as he could to help Americans get out of the Depression. In his first hundred days, he created the New Deal which helped Americans get jobs. The 1920s and 1930s were very different decades and went from boom to bust.

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