Martin Luther King jr. was a baptist minister and social activists who led the civil rights movement in the United States from the mid 1950's until his death by assassination in 1968 (www.britannica.com). Martin Luther King Jr. original name was Michael King Jr.. Martin Luther King Jr. Leadership was fundamental to that of the legal segregation of African Americans in all of the South and in other parts of the United States. "Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that."
The quote from the previous paragraph is by Martin Luther King Jr. who said this quote, during the civil right act. Activists formed the Montgomery Improvement Association to boycott the transit system and chose King as their leader. He had the advantage of being a young, well-trained man who was too new in town to have made enemies; he was generally respected, and it was thought that his family connections and professional stand.
"We have no alternative but to protest. For many years we have shown an amazing patience. We have sometimes given our white brothers the feeling that we liked the way we were being treated. But we come here tonight to be saved from that patience that makes us patient with anything less than freedom and justice." Another quote from Martin Luther King Jr.