Land Kellen vaneck, Zach fite

Land usuage

Land has been varied over the great amount of years of human civilization, turning fields into parking lots, forests into cities, and hills into landfills.

Land that's covered with buildings and roads are called urban land. It makes up most of the densely populated areas in the world, from 2,500 or more people in one area. Any area not considered urban is rural. Rural areas is land that contains relatively few people and large areas of open space.

Land use in the U.S. Ranged from land used to range animals, forest, land used for crops, parks and preserves, wetlands/mountains/deserts/etc, and urban land.

Humans need certain things to survive, whether they're in urban or rural areas. The resorces that are produced by natural and artificial ecosystems are called ecosystem services. Such services include things like the purification of air and water, maintaining biodiversity, providing nutrience, disposing and decomposing of waste, and more. All of these are important for us, and the organisms in our environment.

Urbanization

Urbanization is the movement of people from rural areas to cities. More than 75% of the population in the U.S. Is classified as urban. Life in an urban area is said to be comfortable with paved roads, public transportation, and all the proceeded infrastructure. Infrastructure is all the things that society builds for public use. Like roads and hospitals. But the expansion of city's into rural areas is becoming a danger, as it takes land that most likely were originally used to produce food. The rapid expansion of urbanization is called urban sprawl. With less land for food, longer commutes to cities from suburbs, and now less trees to help air quality.

As urbanization grows, less green areas remain, which can mean bad news for cities. As less parks and trees continue, the heat generated by the asphalt and concrete becomes environmentally dangerous. The increasing temperature in the city is called heat island. Countrysides remain controlled temperature wise by the vegetation, but cities only get hotter by the retaining heat.

Luckily land use planning, which is determining in advance on how land will be used. Acrchitects must look at Geophraphic information system (GIS) is a computerized system for storing, manipulating, and viewing geographic data. It's used for city planners to create virtual models of cities, put in various info on roads, sewer lines and electrical lines.

Preservation

Farmlands are in danger of being bought out and used for spreading urbanization. The government established a national farmland protection program to help out state, county, and local governments protect farmlands in danger of being paved over and developed on. Helping save farmlands can lessen the strain on food production and help maximize the green land that helps the environment remain stable.

Rangeland, or areas that raise livestock, are important as well, as cramped confined areas for our animals make it easier to spread disease and overall discomfort for them. If unmanaged correctly, it can even result in overgrazing. Overgrazing is when more animals graze in an area than the range can support. It can leave the land degraded and less desirable plants invading. It's best to rotate grazing areas to allow them to recharge, and to increase grazing area of the range.

Parks and wilderness

Parks and wildernesses are vital to keep up habitats for native species. Along with the major rolls environmentally that they take. Creating wildlife parks or preservation of wilderness can help preserve the ecosystems within and out. It helps protect endangered species and habitates that they share with others. In the few cases such as Yellowstone or Yosemite, parks can help protect natural occurrences that can only be made rarely and only in the right conditions.

Degradation

Trees are being cut down alarmingly fast, creating large areas of deforestation. Deforestation is the clearing of trees from an area without replacement. It can mean very big trouble. And not just for the species who claim it as their habitats, but speeding up natural causes, such as landslides, floods, soil erosion, and decrease in stable land. Many laws have been created to help push back the growing rate of deforestation, forcing those who cute down trees to then replace them with new ones. Reforestation is the process by which trees are planted to reestavlish trees and have been cut down in a forest land.

Wilderness, or areas in which land and the ecosystems it supports are protected from all exploitation. The degrading wildernesses can be caused by many different reasons. The flow of tourists that cause litter and harmful pollution from cars. As well as the urban area spreading, logging, oil mining, ect. All are harmful to parks and causing harmful pollution to the ecosystems that we and other species rely on.

Created By
Kellen Vaneck
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Credits:

Created with images by Barbara Bonanno BNNRRB - "Wreck of the car - Carcassa d'Auto - Alpi Apuane - Massa Carrara - bnnrrb" • Philippe Put - "sunish" • skeeze - "sheep herd grazing" • Picography - "deforestation forest wood"

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