STEREOTYPE AND WHITE CASTING ASIAN
Mickey Rooney played a buffoonish Japanese businessman with fake buck teeth and coke bottle glasses in the 1961 classic Breakfast at Tiffany’s.
- Implicit bias also contains stereotyping and prejudice. People tend to give definitions before they really get to know the truth, and these prejudices were driven by the stereotypes in our mind. Undoubtably, movies played a big role during the forming process of this conscious, for example, some Asians tired so hard to break the “good at math” stereotype, however, when young people see an Asian nerdy stereotype on the screen, their effort collapsed. The Ted Talk suggested that the stereotypes is the single story that is being told again and again (Adichie).
- Psychologists theorize bias conveyed by the media helps to explain why children can adopt hidden prejudices even when their family environments explicitly oppose them. Furthermore, study showed that the portrayals of stereotypes of a certain group makes them self-conscious (Schmader 64).
Results of this Study demonstrate that Mexican Americans have a negative emotional response to stereotypic film portrayals of their ethnic in-group, regardless of the realism of those portrayals. Feelings of anger and shame were similarly elevated in response to stereotypic film clips, in spite of the fact that these clips were recognized as being entertaining and engaging to watch (Schmader 64-65).
Film images and texts have become a part of the process of defining, and creating stereotypes. Through both short and long term exposure to media’s characterizations of racial and ethnic groups, cognitions about the features of those group members (including one’s own groups) and the value of these groups in society, are established and reinforced. Film images and texts have become a part of the process of defining, and creating stereotypes (Mastro 6). By showing these movies that contain implicit bias toward a minority group, it encourages the white privilege and Racial Erasure ( the ignorance of certain groups).
The stereotyping portrayal of minority groups started from the silent film era to nowadays, which brought out a question of whether implicit bias inside of people minds never changes or it is the fault of the environment. Imagine the filmmakers we have now, who grew up with watching those whitewashing and stereotyping films. It might have impacted their views when they became the crews in the film industry. However, when whitewashed screen is still the majority in the entertainment industry, it might imply that implicit bias still stuck in citizens' heads.
Just like those studies suggested; stereotyping of minority groups not only impacts their self-esteem in the long run but gives the majority a wrong confidence and privilege toward others. Even though people started to question how film industry can do about the whitewashing environment, film portrayal played a big role with the misunderstanding and prejudice between different racial groups.
Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi. “The Danger of a Single Story .” TED Global 2009 TheSubstance of Things Not Seen, 23 July 2009, Oxford, TED www.ted.com/talks/chimamanda_adichie_the_danger_of_a_single_story/transcript.
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“BREAKFAST AT TIFFANY'S Poster.” Movieposter.com, www.movieposter.com/poster/MPW-38687/Breakfast_At_Tiffany_s.html. Accessed 16 Mar. 2017.
Breakfast at Tiffany's. Dir. Blake Edwards. 1961.
Corliss, Richard. "D.W. Griffith’s the Birth of a Nation 100 Years Later: Still Great, Still Shameful." Time.Com, 04 Mar. 2015. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=101358209&site=ehost-live&scope=site.
Griffith, D.W, director. Birth of a Nation. D.W. Griffith, 1942.
The Birth of a Nation (1915). www.filmsite.org/birt.html. Accessed 2 Apr. 2017.
Three Ku Klux Klan members standing at a 1922 parade. Google Image search.
Mastro, Dana. "Why the Media's Role in Issues of Race and Ethnicity Should Be in the Spotlight." Journal of Social Issues, vol. 71, no. 1, Mar. 2015, pp. 1-16. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/josi.12093.
Pitts-Wiley, Jonathan. “Best Actor in Blackface.” The Root, Www.theroot.com, 18 Feb. 2009, www.theroot.com/best-actor-in-blackface-1790868855. Accessed 2 Apr. 2017.
Schmader, Toni, et al. "Social Identity Threat in Response to Stereotypic Film Portrayals: Effects on Self-Conscious Emotion and Implicit Ingroup Attitudes." Journal of Social Issues, vol. 71, no. 1, Mar. 2015, pp. 54-72. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/josi.12096.
“Test Yourself for Hidden Bias.” Test Yourself for Hidden Bias | Teaching Tolerance - Diversity, Equity and Justice, www.tolerance.org/Hidden-bias. Accessed 13 Mar. 2017.
The Jazz Singer. Dir. Alan Crosland. Warner Brothers, 1927.
Tropic Thunder. Dir. Ben Stiller. 2008.