Many women are happy about the effects of the policy as it has promoted a path to gender equality. Before the rule, if a family had a daughter, they would just try again to have a son. If they succeeded, all the attention would be showered on the boy. Now that there is no boy, daughters are finally receiving the importance they deserve. Studies show that over a quarter of the CEO's in chinese companies are women nowadays, which is a leap forward. Although, a minor drawback, is the concern of overspoiling the only child. Most chinese families are used to having two or three children who share things, but an only child tends to be more selfish, obese, self- centered, and greedy. Having a population filled with children like this creates an unpleasant imbalance. This connects back to Confucianism because the whole religion is based on creating a harmonious society that is at peace and this policy hadn't helped towards that goal.
Another important reason the one- child policy was removed is to lessen the rapid growth of aging population before it became chatostraphic. Instead, the two child policy was put into place, to curb this concern. More children are needed to match the number of the young generation to the number of the old generation. This is crucial because there needs to be people taking care of seniors. The concern for elderly is stemmed from Confucian beliefs. Filial piety is very important in Confucianism and every child must complete their duties by honoring, respecting, and caring for one's parents and elders. In the last few decades what happened was each child would have to care for their whole family, up to four retired people. He/she would either spend all his free time caretaking, or wouldn't pay attention to them at all. This adds to a reason for the two- child policy, so that every family can split the responsibility between two children instead of burdening one.