The Syrian Civil War MArie Patterson

The Incubation Phase

Hafez Al-Assad (left) and son Bashar (right)

The incubation stage started off with these essential factors: unfair government control, an unliked leader, dictatorship style government, economic hardships, massacre in 1982 by Hafez Al-Assad, killing 10,000-40,000 (military crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood in Hama), the transition of power from Hafez to his son Bashar, and the extreme drought from 2007 to 2010 that caused many of rural Syrians to migrate to more populated areas for resources.

The Symptomatic Phase

Syrians gather with signs to protest government treatment.

The symptomatic phase of the Syrian Crisis began in February of 2011, when 15 boys were detained by Syrian police and arrested for graffiti in support of the Arab Spring, a series of 2010 revolts throughout the Middle East in a plead for Democracy. The boys were tortured, even though they were only teens. This sparked protests to break out, peaceful demonstrations by Syrians who wanted change within their government. A government which ordered open fire in many protesters.

The Crisis Phase

Citizens in the rubble of a city.

The Crisis phase of the Syrian Civil War so far has not ended, and does not seem to be ending anytime soon. The rebels and the government have strong forces against one another, and neither is trying to attempt reform nor change within the government or the war situation. The crisis phase within this altercation of tremendous proportion began with more responsive and restless protests, that would lead eventually into riots and full force fighting on both sides of the feud. Many cities, such as the once heavily populated Aleppo, which has since crumbled into a desolate place. Millions of Syrians have fled Syria, and have no place to go. But, while they flee war still rages on within Syria, and they are met with hesitation from countries allowing them to flee within.

Convalescence Stage

There currently isn't one, as there is still fighting and war raging. Although, the UN, Russia, the US, and neighbouring countries have attempted at intervening to bring the rebels and government back together once again, or to find some sort of finalizing agreement to cease fighting permanently. The war has only to this point reached the crisis phase, and seems to loop within.

The Russian Revolution and The Syrian Crisis

Protesting Russian Citizens

Within the Russian Revolution, there was an abundance of anger and resentment from the Russian people to their Czar, Nicholas II. The conditions within Russia were bleak, with little necessities for the Russian peasants available. This is similar to the bleak lives of Syrians who did not have proper resources during a major three year drought. Similar to Syria, the Russian government offered little rights or representation to the lower citizens, as well as Bloody Sunday Massacre, in which many protesters against the Czar, were shot to death. The Russian revolution also turned into a civil war out of a revolution.

These revolutions are different in the realm that the people in Russia wanted 'Land, Peace, and Bread' in a response to the terrible conditions World War I helped to amplify. Not mention, the Russian revolution was sorted out rather quickly, within 5 years. The Syrian Crisis approaches a sixth with no end near. But also, the reason for the civil war in Russia was over which political party could run, which in the end favoured the Bolsheviks and Lenin.

Is Violence the Answer?

Violence was the only way in the past, or in a dictator style government to bring change. Within the French Revolution, nothing reformed or changed until there was riots, and murder of the nobility and royalty. The American Revolution would not have succeeded without the strong war it posed against England, as they were not granted any representation. The Russian Revolution would have failed immediately if it had not been violent, the Czar continuing his rule. This is really shown in Syria today, as nothing was being achieved in their dictator government with peaceful protest, and nothing without taking any action to change. Others can say violence is barbaric in bringing change, but there is not much all else to produce the same results nonetheless. Although I do not believe in inducing warfare for any little reason, it has shown historically to be the cause for change.

Research Process

The research process of the past month or two has been a well fed by many sources machine, although I think there could have been less focused time on research only. The process I went through to gain the information I did involved BBC quite a bit, because they have many reliable articles about the crisis. Small other sources were used to fill in gaps and questions I still contained post-BBC reading. As well as my piece on the Russian Revolution needed outside information I didn't have, and I obtained that easily to complete the gaps needing to be filled within my information.

Sources

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-14703856

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-26116868

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/resources/idt-841ebc3a-1be9-493b-8800-2c04890e8fc9

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-37360075

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-38728903

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/05/syria-civil-war-explained-160505084119966.html

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2011/04/201141811535799497.html

https://news.vice.com/article/the-young-men-who-started-syrias-revolution-speak-about-daraa-where-it-all-began

http://www.cnn.com/2016/05/04/middleeast/aleppo-syria-civil-war/

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/60/A_popular_demonstration_in_Erivan_Square,_Tiflis._February,_1917.jpg

http://www.history.com/topics/russian-revolution

Credits:

Created with images by Arian Zwegers - "Aleppo, Great Mosque"

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