Africa made by michael,alex,and ethan

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Land use

The main way that they use the land is subsistence farming and they subsistence farm because they grow the crops to feed their families and they are not making any money from subsistence farming. The difference between commercial farming and subsistence farming is, Commercial farming is when you are primarily trying to make a profit, and subsistence farming is to In subsistence agriculture, small-scale farming is primarily grown for consumption by the farmer and their family. Sometimes if there is a surplus of food it might be sold, but that is not common.

http://study.com/cimages/videopreview/subsistence-farming-definition-and-examples_140498.jpg

Natural resorces

Gold and diamonds are some precious materials in Africa, there are also iron, cobalt, uranium, copper, bauxite, silver, petroleum, and cocoa beans. Two of their most valuable include gold, of which they produce anywhere from 40%-60% of the world's supply. Unfortunately, since the resources are not distributed evenly throughout the continent, this leads to unequal wealth, uneven population.

https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/styles/node-full/public/issue_images/land_main.jpg?itok=vANmqQMg

Democratic Republic of Congo

Armed rebel groups take control of the mines force people to work in them,smuggle and sell minerals themselves, pocket the money and buy more weapons.The three “T” minerals are tin, tantalum, and tungsten.All of these are very valuable minerals because they go into producing cell phones, gaming systems, and other electronic devices. The problem is that armed rebel groups have control of the mines.

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GDP per capita

The five countries with the highest GDP in Africa is Mauritius $12,800, South Africa 11,100, Botswana 9,200, Seychelles 7,800, and Namibia 7,300. There are 16 nations that have a GDP per capita lower than $1,000.The ones with higher GDP per capita have better education and they might have better technology. The ones with lower GDP per capita may not have good education and they might not have that much technology.

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Life expectancy

Out of the 31 countries of the world with the lowest life expectancy, 28 of them are from Sub-Saharan Africa. Out of the 1.1 million people who died of AIDS last year, 770,000 of them are from the region. They estimate that 24 million Africans are currently infected with HIV.

http://www.statista.com/graphic/5/274511/life-expectancy-in-africa.jpg

Powerful trading empires

The names of the Three West African Kingdoms were Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. They existed between 800 CE and 1600 CE. They traded on the Trans-Saharan trade network. West African traded gold to North Africans for salt. Slaves were also traded on this network.

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THREE WEST AFRICAN KINGDOMS: POWERFUL TRADING EMPIRES

Names of the Three African Kingdoms were Mali Ghana, and Songhai. They existed in the time between 800 Ce and 1600 Ce. They also traded on the Trans- Sahara network. West Africans traded gold to north Africans for salt. Slave were also traded on this network.

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SLAVES ON THE TRANS-SAHARAN TRADE NETWORK

According to the Koran, Muslims are not allowed to enslave other Muslims.This had also led to many North African traders to obtain slaves from West Africa.Since many of these were also taken in as prisoners of war, their slaves were mostly used for military service.Overall, they had been treated better and had more freedom than what we know the European taking slaves. They were not only able to obtain their freedom easier, but were also able to own property, their own slaves, and could even become generals of Muslim Armies.

KING MANSA MUSA AND TIMBUKTU

King Mansa Musa was probably the most powerful King, but not just of Mali, but in any of the West African Kingdoms.He was Muslim and he went on a hajj in 1325 that became well known throughout the world. It included 60,000 people and 80 camels carrying 300 pounds of gold each. On his return he brought back Muslim scholars and architects to build cities, and also mosque and schools in Timbuktu. Timbuktu became the center of trade and learning in West Africa. Muslim scholars from all over came to study religion, law, music, mathematics, and others.

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IBN BATTUTA: EXPLORER

The first person to make the Three West African Kingdoms known to others in the world was the Muslim explorer Ibn Battuta. At age 21, he left his home city of Tangier, Morocco to go on a hajj to Mecca. He did not return for 30 years. He traveled 75,000 miles all over Africa and Asia, writing about the places he was going to. After he returned to his home country, he put his travel writings together in a book called the Rihla, which is still available today. It was the first travel book written.

http://www.moroccoworldnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Ibn-Battuta-Prince-of-Travelers.jpg

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