Urbanization in China by elyse gay-Wiegand C period

Urbanization is the process of making a rural area more and more urban until it has completely disappeared. Urbanization in China is becoming more and more rapid everyday, and it is becoming was of the biggest problems in China. In 2000 there was about 3.6 million villages, but in 2010 it had dropped to 2.7 million villages. Almost 900,000 villages have been destroyed in a decade. The problem is that a large number of villages have already been destroyed now or are being planned to be torn down. More than half of the middle aged and almost all of the young are moving out of the village and into the city. All of China's art and culture is being destroyed by urbanization. businesses that have been passed down generation to generation (hand made things) are being destroyed because of urbanization. This almost the opposite of Confucianism. Confucius wanted everything to be the what it originally was and stay that way it was from the beginning. Urbanization is destroying almost every single village and everyday more and more villages are being destroyed faster and faster. It is creating something new over the original place.

IN 2010 IT HAD DROPPED TO 2.7 MILLION VILLAGES. ALMOST 900,000 VILLAGES HAVE BEEN DESTROYED IN A DECADE.

Villages are more spacious and provide more room and more family passed down jobs.“It was really comfortable in the old village,” he said back in his new home, a small two-bedroom apartment high up in an apartment block a half-hour drive away. “We had a thousand square meters and rented out rooms to migrants from other provinces. Lots of buses stopped nearby, and we could get into the city easily.” But in China you don't own the land that you live on no matter how big it is. The government owns and controls all of you land. You have say in whether you want to stay on your land. Villages were bringing in tourist and it was easy getting in and going out of the villages because there was so much transportation coming into the village, but since no one in China owns land it is all owned by the country they have no choice, but to leave there land and move into the city. If the government tells you to leave and more into the city you have to leave your land you have absolutely no choice. This is an act of communism and imperialism. Where one person or group of people has control over everything without letting any one less then them have a say in the decisions that they make "for the people", but if you are forced to move into the city everyone gets a free apartments and $50,000 to $100,000 in compensation.

More and more people are being forced into the city.

Rapid urbanization is destroying culture and has destroyed many cultures and rituals. Musicians used to live in Lei Family Bridge, a village of about 300 households near the overpass. In 2009, the village was torn down to build a golf course and residents were scattered among several housing projects, some a dozen miles away. Villages are torn down to create hotels, golf course, gentrification is happening in almost every single village. Some young people especially don't see the reason and point in keeping culture and rituals alive if it doesn't help them make money or succeed in life. Some people are trying to fight to keep everything alive. The traditions and the history of China are being destroyed. Once the village is gone the culture and rituals and traditions leave with it and die away. 300 villages are destroyed a day. The government has pushed urbanization making the villagers leave, but most usually young and middle aged are moving into to the city by choose. Some villages are fighting to keep there culture and traditions alive like creating socialist villages. Socialist villages are one of ways to keep culture and villages alive. Wealthy, clean, tidy villages and communities are they way to keep the village and keep urbanization out. The country is trying to create more like these to keep villages and culture from disappearing completely. Some villages have become places for tourist to stay or have become hotels, the villages/villagers are trying to keep urbanization out, so that they can keep there traditions and what makes the village special, other villages are also trying to find other ways to bring people back to the villages to keep urbanization out. This is something that Confucius would want he would want to keep everything the way it was. Confucius wanted to keep traditions, rituals, and keeping their morals alive to ensure harmony in the city and create an ideal civilization. Taoist would also like this idea of trying to maintain the village or the "nature" of the land.

Villages like these are finding ways to keep their traditions and rituals alive.

But there is a problem with trying to stop urbanization and trying to attract so many people into the villages. One of the problems with bringing tourists in is that it can create urbanization in that village without people knowing, bringing in tourist would create shops, overdevelopment, commercialization, and made to sell souvenirs and potentially destroying the real reason for keeping traditions and rituals. The younger generation thinks that the older way of making things by hand is no way to make money, they think that technology, especially when almost everything on the internet in China is banned. The young think that having and creating machines will making everything faster, easier, and will gain them more money then old rituals and Chinese cultures. Most villages are told they are going to be built into something when they are usually left into ruins. Urbanization is also creating more jobs for people and taking 650 million people out of poverty, but at the same time it destroys businesses, culture, and villages, which creates more unemployed people.

http://finance.yahoo.com/news/china-building-megacity-larger-japan-175100217.html.

http://www.visiontimes.com/2015/08/11/the-nine-most-mysterious-villages-in-china.html

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-03-20/chinas-urbanization-plan-sees-60-percent-of-people-in-cities-by-2020

https://www.google.com/search?q=old+city+in+china&espv=2&biw=1304&bih=698&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjPovKbuY7SAhUE-GMKHXNrC_gQ_AUIBygC#imgrc=Cyl05zmRNtJxjM:

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http://www.chinavillagetour.com/tour-c7-sichuan

Credits:

Created with images by trioptikmal - "The City" • mripp - "Shopping Paradise: Nanking Road (Shanghai)"

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