The Berlin Conference Danielle Donadio, Sarah Remillard, Tyler Concaugh, Kaitlyn Egan

What is The Berlin Conference?

In 1884, German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called together the major western powers of the world to share ideas and views to end confusion over the control of Africa. This marked the climax of the European competition for territory in Africa. The meeting was set up to discuss questions involving African rule. The 14 European countries discussed who would gain what territory in Africa. Africa isn't there.

Sir Edward Hertslet. The Map of Africa by Treaty. London: 1909. PRIMARY SOURCE
The initial task of the conference was to agree that the Congo River and Niger River mouths and basins would be considered neutral and open to trade for everyone. In 1885 the General Act of the 1885 Congress of Berlin was passed.

Where and when did the conference happen?

The meeting took place in Berlin, Germany, not Africa. It took place from November 15, 1884 through November 26, 1885.

Who did it involve?

Otto Von Bismarck

Otto Von Bismark was a German chancellor who organized the conference. He called together Austria/ Hungary, Belgium, Denmarck, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, The Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Norway, and Turkey. America was invited to the conference because they had some interest, however when the conference started they didn't show up.

What were the outcomes?

Africa was colonized resulting in European countries scattered across Africa. The conference helped to control slave trade. It also helped to spread humanitarianism ideas amongst the people.

This conference was the first conference that happen not as a result of a war. This was the first time Conference happened to settle problems before they lead to war.

Imperialism is when one country dominates the cultural, economic, or political life of another country. The Berlin Conference plays a huge role in the imperialism of Africa. The 14 powers that attended the Berlin Confrence imperilized different parts of Africa. The main cause to imperialism in Africa was racism. The European countries felt as if they were superior to Africa, so they felt as of they had the power to imperilize Africa. They brought Christianity to India, which was not the native religion.

Works Cited:

"Berlin Cenference 1885." Berlin Cenference 1885. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2016.

"Berlin Conference." Conference of Berlin 1884 - Berlin Conference Definition. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2016.

"Berlin Conference of 1884–1885 - Oxford Reference." Oxford Reference. N.p., 13 Jan. 2015. Web. 14 Dec. 2016.

"Brief History of the Berlin Conference." Brief History of the Berlin Conference. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2016.

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