Flow's English Math The Mathematics of English

Part 1 - The Flow Math:

First class... First step... First lesson...

Let's start with a simple Math - Flow's English Math!

Fix this: 5 + 4 + 3 + 3

This Math will help you organize your studies, and understand a little the logic of English!

And it is important to remember that this Math explains only the Verb Tenses, ok!?


What is a Verb Tense?

Well... According to Meriam-Webster dictionary, it is...

Similar to "Conjugation" in Portuguese!

To start, we have 5...

In total, we have 6 groups of Verb Tenses in English, but we use only 5. They are:


What is the difference among them?

The difference is on the structure, and on the idea. For example:

  • We study English at Flow! - Simple
  • We are studying English now! - Continuous
  • We are going to study English every day! - Plans
  • We have studied English! - Perfect
  • We have been studying a lot of English lately! - Perfect Continuous
  • We have been going to study English. - Perfect Plans (NOT USED)

During our studies, we will discover all the groups, learn about the different structures, the different ideas, and the correct moment to use them.

Now, we have 4...

Each of the 5 groups we use has 4 types of structures:

Easy, right? But what is the Conditional?
So... what is the difference here?


is a form of the verb to show that an Action happens in the Present.

  • We are English students at Flow.


is used to speak about the Past, or a Past Action.

  • We didn't study English last Saturday.


is similar to Present and Past, but used to discuss Actions in the Future.

  • She will study Lesson 5 tomorrow.


is used to talk about plans, desires, preferences, possibilities, and more...

  • We should study English every day!

Next, we have 3...

We have 3 tools to work with all the 5 groups and the 4 types. They are:

This is the FlowHand! Can you do it?

To be:

This tool is used for the ideas of "Ser" and "Estar" in Portuguese, and is a very important part of English!

  • He is my Flow Teacher.

There + To be:

This is used for the ideas of "Haver" and "Existir" in Portuguese, and sometimes is a problem for Brazilian students. Pay attention to this tool!

  • There are many good students at Flow!

Action Verbs:

And here we have the tools to work with all the other verbs in English, for example "To study", "To work", "To like", "To sleep", "To prepare", and infinite more!

  • like to study at Flow!


For each Verb Tense, we have a new, adapted FlowHand! In total, we have 18 FlowHands, and 5 extra FlowHands (for the Modal Verbs).

And, to finish, 3 again...

We have, normally, 3 ways of organizing the sentences with the 3 tools, in the 4 types of all the 5 groups:


Questions, if you prefer. Used to ask about specific information.

  • What languages do you speak?


Well... Sentences with affirmative - or positive - information.

  • I speak Portuguese and English!


Sentences with a negative particle to show a negative information.

  • I don't speak Chinese and Italian.
Again... 5 + 4 + 3 + 3

In the end, our mathematics is:

5 groups

  • Simple
  • Continuous
  • Plans
  • Perfect
  • Perfect Continuous

4 types

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future
  • Conditional

3 tools

  • To be
  • There + To be
  • Action Verbs

3 ways

  • Interrogative
  • Affirmative
  • Negative

5 + 4 + 3 + 3


Try these exercises, just for fun!


We recently created a new system to help you understand the Verb Tenses, their structures, and the mechanisms we need to organize our ideas. The name of this system is Key Words and Structures, and it will be a great help for your English practices!

If you have questions, don't forget to talk to your Flow Teacher!

Every door needs a key... Every sentence needs a KEY WORD!

Also, a little help for you in this journey of English is Flow's TimeWarp. For now, we will only share with you this image, representing the time warp. Later on, remember to check the Flow TimeLines lesson and discuss with your teacher to understand more about this topic!

Check the Past, Present, Future, and Conditional, altogether!

It's a lot of information for a first class, right? But, we don't need to hurry. Spend all the time you need here, organize your ideas, check and prepare more examples... Step by step, my friend!

And, to help you in this process, check our Video Review...

Every Lesson has a Video Review for you to check more examples and comprehend better every important information during your studies!

Keep practicing, and check Part 2 to discover more important structures from the English language!

Part 2 - The Modal Verbs:

This is an extra part in our Math. It is a special type of verbs - the Modal Auxiliary Verbs! We have 9 Modal Verbs in total, and we will study them in a future lesson.

Modal Auxiliary Verbs are different from "To be", "There + To be", and "Action Verbs" for some reasons. For example, they don't have other forms (as "to work" - "work" - "works" - "worked" - "working"), but they work together with the 3 tools.

For example, we have:

  • We will be great students! - With "to be"
  • There must be a solution for this exercise. - With "There + To be"
  • She can explain you the homework. - With "Action Verbs"

But... This is not the time to study Modal Verbs. Just remember:

We have 9 in total!

No exercises here. Just study, fix your ideas, and prepare for your next Lesson!

And remember the Math!

5 + 4 + 3 + 3
Created By
Flow Idiomas


Created with images by Jeff Moss - "365-27" • geralt - "number eight three"

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