Jesuits By Paige george, ana greer and ANDRE cormier

Jesuit

Ignatius of Loyola autobiography

Ignatius of Loyola wrote this sentence about himself, "Without seeing any vision, he understood and knew many things, as well spiritual things as things of the faith.” Iñigo (Ignatius) was a vain young man, he drank, fought and would get into trouble. Following a serious injury to his right leg, while fighting the French, Iñigo read spiritual books. He felt called by God and decided to live a holy life. He left home and changed his name to Ignatius of Loyola. Ignatius wrote a spiritual manual called “The Spiritual Exercises.” He gathered followers quickly and founded the Society of Jesus. Pope Paul lll gave his approval to Ignatius. They became known as the Jesuits. The Jesuits opened hospices, sought financial support for the poor, funded orphanages and opened schools. They began the Roman College which became the Gregorian University. Being a Jesuits priest was risky, as some countries were hostile to their mission. In 1546, Ignatius was received into the society Francis Borgia, duke of Gandia, and viceroy of Catalonia. Before he died in 1556, there were more than 1,000 Jesuit priests in just 16 years. He was canonized in 1622 by Pope Gregory XV. Due to the events like the Black Plague, people were turning to science, rather than religion, and he changed that. Doing this is bringing back religion, after it fell apart. This is how he was contributing in the Renaissance. He has followers to this day, proving his leadership in making a comeback in religion didn't fail. He brang back Christianity from ancient Romans, which is the exact definition of Renaissance. The Renaissance isn't just about art and literature, and Ignatius’ actions proves that.

Jesuit spirituality

The Jesuits are a religious order whose creation and continued survival has helped spread Christianity throughout the world. Jesuits believe that they should, “go out and find god in all things.” The Jesuit order was established by Ignatius of Loyola in 1534 and was canonized by Pope Paul the third in 1540. The Jesuits have a handbook for their search for god. This book is called “The Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola.” The exercises are set up for four weeks, they are arranged like this. First week. The first week of exercises for Jesuits is a time of reflection. They reflect on god's love for them, they check the paths they have taken through life for sins, and work to correct these for god, as he wants them to be with him, and the week ends with meditation for Christ. The second week is made up mostly of meditation and prayer. They teach themselves to follow Christ as his disciples did. They reflect upon scripture, such as his ministering, his birth, etc.. they are eventually brought to decisions that change their lives to do christ's work. On the third week, they meditate upon christ's last supper, passion and death. They observe Christ's suffering as the ultimate expression of god's love. On the fourth week, they meditate upon christ's resurrection and his appearance to his disciples. They walk with the risen Christ, and serve him in our world. Jesuits are different from most Christians in the manner that they are more active. Some examples of this are missions, and ministering in non catholic countries, such as England during the English reformation. One ignatian practice that is still practiced today by Jesuits around the world, is the Daily Examen. The Daily Examen is a time where you reflect on every emotion that god has let you feel. "Nothing in our lives is so insignificant that it doesn't deserve God's attention," notes Jim Manney in A Simple Life-Changing Prayer, a book about the Examen. "In fact, the mundane and the humdrum parts of our lives give depth and texture to our relationships with God. Washing the windows and cooking dinner are as much a part of the relationship as graduation day. If it's part of our human experience, God is in it."

Jesuit beginnings and their significance in the renaissance

The beginning of the Catholic Reformation was officially started in the 1530’s. The main purpose of the reformation was to beat back Protestantism and to bring back the original moral authority of the Pope. The reformation was led by Pope Paul the III. One of the most intense and ruthless groups brought into the Catholic Reformation was the Jesuits. They were also known as the Society of Jesus. The society started in Spain, but quickly spread all over Europe, and was eventually authorized by Pope Paul the III in 1540. Originally, the order was founded Ignatius of Loyola, Francis Xavier, Peter Faber, in 1534. Its main purpose to convert Pagans to Christianity. As their success progressed, it began reaching to all of Europe. But as the society spread, it began to set its eyes on larger or more important goals. Soon after it began to spread, Ignatius had the idea to go to the Pope for approval. He went to visit to the pope and was compared to the actions of St Francis and St Dominic and they went to Pope Innocent III. It was all officially canonized on September 27, 1540 in Paris, France. The society of Jesus was a well respected branch of Christians. The Jesuits commanded intense loyalty and discipline. Even with the society of Jesus success, their name was a debated topic. This is because no other group chose to use a name involving Christ. Another controversial topic the Jesuits faced was the idea that the Jesuits did not have to take part in daily prayer. But the overall purpose of the Jesuits was to eliminate Protestantism, which to this day, is still one of its many goals. One of its founders St. Francis Xavier was one of the highly respected priests that spread the ideas of Loyola to China and Japan.“Would to god these men who labor so much in gaining knowledge outdoors give as much thought to the account they must one day give to god of the use they have made of their learnings and of the talents entrusted to them!” - St. Francis Xavier

Weekly progress report

Ana working

We finished deciding our topics, and planning our exhibit for the renaissance faire. The exhibit will be the San Ildefonso Church in Toledo Spain. We decided the materials and planned it out. We also successfully found our sources, cited them, and submitted them for approval.

Paige working

Weekly progress entry Two

Ana researching her topic

We finished gathering materials and putting the finishing touches on our creative piece. We have decided a time to get together and to put the materials together to build our piece. We have also created a schedule of goals to accomplish before the renaissance faire. This will allow us to plan out when, where and how we will do our work, and allow us to schedule ahead and edit plans if necessary.

André working

Weekly progress entry three

We have finalized the decision on what our costumes will be, we will be getting two priest costumes, and a monk costume, Ana will be a monk, while Paige and Andre will use priest costumes. We have started our creative piece and have the materials for its creation. The church will be on a concrete foundation with wooden supports, we will use plywood for the sides and paint it white, after the paint has dried, we will add details such as windows, doors, etc.. we have also started recording our video advertisement, and have a fully assembled script. We managed to finish our recording, we need to edit the footage into an acceptable format.

Church of San Ildefonso, Toledo, Spain.

Right side view
Left side view

Creative piece blog

The first thing we did to make our creative piece was our dome. Paige used paper mache to make our dome. After that, she painted it and added the top part on, which she also painted. The top part would hold our cross. She painted the cross yellow, and after it dried, put it in the top part. Andre built the base of the church, then he and Ana painted it in class

Sources

"10 FACTS You Must Know About The Jesuits!" Bible Prophecy | Online Bible Studies | Videos | WLC. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2017.

http://amazingdiscoveries.org/RT_encyclopedia_Futurism_Council-of-Trent

The Rise and Spread of Futurism - The Jesuit Order and the Council of Trent." Amazing Discoveries. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2017

http://bigsiteofhistory.com/the-jesuits-and-the-inquisition-1540-1556-the-protestant-reformation/

Anderson, Marge, and Dina Starr Says. "Marge Anderson." The Jesuits and the Inquisition, 1540-1556 | The Protestant Reformation. N.p., 04 June 2008. Web. 27 Apr. 2017.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/jesuit-order-established

"Jesuit Order Established." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2017.

http://jesuits.org/aboutus?PAGE=DTN-201305201236

Marcus. "The Jesuits." About Us | The Jesuits. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2017.

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/the-counter-reformation/the-jesuits/

"The Jesuits." History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2017.

André’s Citations

http://www.americamagazine.org/faith/2016/12/06/jesuits-models-reconciliation-world-need-mercy

Staff. "Jesuits: Models of Reconciliation for a World in Need of Mercy." America Magazine. N.p., 21 Jan. 2017. Web. 27 Apr. 2017.

http://jesuits.org/spirituality

"Ignatian Spirituality." Ignatian Spirituality | Finding God in All Things. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2017.

http://jesuitprayer.org

Of Loyola, Ignatius. "DAILY INSPIRATION." Jesuit Prayer Home Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2017

Paige's Citations

http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=56

Online, Catholic. "St. Ignatius Loyola - Saints & Angels." Catholic Online. Catholic Online, 2017. Web. 24 Apr. 2017.

http://www.christianitytoday.com/history/people/moversandshakers/ignatius-of-loyola.html

"Ignatius of Loyola." Christian History | Learn the History of Christianity & the Church. Ed. Mark Galli Ted Olsen. Christianity History Editorial Staff, 1 Oct. 2000. Web. 24 Apr. 2017.

http://jesuits.org/spirituality?PAGE=DTN-20130520125033

"Ignatius of Loyola." Ignatian Spirituality | Finding God in All Things. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2017.

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