Types of Government Janessa aragon


What is a democracy?- Democracy means to be ruled by the people. In other words, the people in the community are able to govern.

There are 2 different types of aa democracy- there is Direct and Representative. A direct democracy is one in which each citizen votes on all decisions. Direct democracies become difficult when there is a high population because if you are holding a voting place for everyone, it would be very hard and crowded to get every citizen to be able to vote. Representative Democracy is where people are elected to run the government. This is also known as a "democratic republic"

As of 2015, the top 20 Countries that were a democracy were: Norway, Iceland, Sweden, New Zealand, Denmark, Switzerland, Canada, Finland, Australia, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Ireland, Germany, Austria, Malta, UK, Spain, Mauritius, and the USA.

The pros of a democracy are:

  • The citizens get a say
  • Everyone can be involved as long as they are in age
  • Emposes equality
  • Does not put power into one persons hands only

Although, there are also cons of a democracy which includes:

  • Some people voting may not be as knowledgeable in a topic like others may be
  • People can become very angry-can cause big protest/violence outbreaks in communities
  • Can experience Election Fraud

What is an anarchy government?- A state of disorder due to absence or nonrecognition of authority...in other words- a society without a government.

As of today, there are no countries currently ruled by a anarchy

Pros of Anarchy are:

  • No corrupt government
  • More freedom
  • No taxes
  • No laws to follow
  • People are not split politically

Cons of Anarchy are:

  • No punishment for crimes
  • No government services

What is communism?- A type of government as well as economic system. In a communism system, individuals do not own land, factories, or machinery. The government or the community as a whole owns these things.

As far as today China, Cuba, Laos, North Korea, and Vietnam are all a part of communism government.

Pros of communism:

  • Everyone has equal access to everything
  • Can decrease unemployment rates
  • Provides citizens with all basic needs
  • Paves the way for a strong and safe community

Cons of communism are:

  • Comes with no ambition
  • Can fuel poverty
  • People do not really have a voice
  • Can be very corrupt

What is dictatorship?- Dictatorship is a country in which absolute power is exercised by a dictator (only one)

As of now, dictatorship is practiced in Belarus, Cameroon, Chad, China, Cuba, Egypt, Equatorial, Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Libya, Madagascar, Myanmar, North Korea, Rwanda, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe.

Pros of Dictatorship:

  • Stabile
  • Low Crime Rate
  • Efficient

Cons of Dictatorship:

  • Inequality
  • Unsustainable

What is monarchy?- A form of government with a monarch at the end. Monarch uses titles like King, Queen, Emperor, or Empress.

Monarchy is currently practiced in Brunel, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland, and Vatican City

Pros of Monarchy is:

  • Everyone knows who will be the next leader
  • Decisions are made quickly because there is only one person to make them
  • Everyone's best interests are generally considered

Cons of Monarchy:

  • NO checks/balances
  • Based on wealth
  • Citizens are not powerful (because the monarchy can do what they want when they want)

What is oligarchy?- Oligarchy is a small group of people that have control

Oligarchy is currently in China, North Korea, and Venezuela

Pros of oligarchy:

  • Decisions are made quickly
  • Women can hold a position of power
  • Allows people to focus on their daily lives

Cons of oligarchy:

  • Favor falls on those in power only

What is republic?- Republic is a form of government in which representatives elected by people make and enforce laws/policies

Currently, Angola, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Fiji, France, Egypt, Georgia, India, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, Russia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, and Uganda are all under parts of the Republic.

Pros of Republic:

  • Efficient
  • Structured

Cons of Republic:

  • Not everyone gets a say
  • There can easily be miscommunications
  • A lot of arguing in the government

What is Socialism?- A political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.

As of today, China, Denmark, England, Netherlands, Canada, Sweden, Norway, and Ireland are all parts of socialism.

Pros of Socialism:

  • Every citizen has access to education and health care
  • Allows for balance and wealth/earnings

Cons of Socialism:

  • Gives the government more control
  • Demands higher taxes















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