Martin Luther King Jr. once stated, “Segregation...not only harms one physically but injures one spiritually… it scars the soul...It is a system which forever states the segregated in the face, saying ‘You are less than…’ ‘you are not equal to…’” The Jim Crow laws eventually came to an end in the South because of the Federal Amendments, the Civil Rights Act of 1875, and the formation of the NAACP.
The United States Constitution has twenty-seven amendments, but the most important amendments in this period of time were the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments.
- Section 1 of the 13th Amendment says: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”
- defined a citizen as any person born or naturalized in the United States.
- section one of the fifteenth amendment states “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
The Civil Rights Act of 1875
was passed, protecting all Americans regardless of their race
“That any person who shall violate the foregoing section by denying to any citizen, except for reasons by law applicable to citizens of every race and color, and regardless of any previous condition of servitude,[...]shall be fined not less than five hundred nor more than one thousand dollars, or shall be imprisoned not less than thirty days nor more than one year:”
The NAACP is the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
It was founded on February 12, 1909
“To ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of all citizens. To achieve equality of rights and eliminate race prejudice among the citizens of the United States. To remove all barriers of racial discrimination through democratic processes”