The Secret Annex
Anne Frank and her family hid inside the Secret Annex during World War II. Otto Frank's business was in the front of the building. The Frank Family lived behind the building where they wouldn't be seen. Herman and Auguste Van Pels with their son Peter lived in the Secret Annex with a man named Fritz Pfeffer.
By decree of the King of Netherlands Louis Bonaparte, Rijksmuseum was formally established in 1808. Rijksmuseum was originally called the Royal Museum. Rijksmuseum was built to honor and showcase Dutch history. The Rijksmuseum also contains an Asian section, with Japanese prints, Chinese porcelain, and other historical artifacts.
- Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.
- Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.
- Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German o related blood who are under 45 years old.
- Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.
- Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom
The Nuremberg Law was passed in September 15, 1935. The Nuremberg Law took away Jewish people's rights and labeled them. Jewish people flew the Jewish flag, since they were not allowed to fly the German flag. However, flying the Jewish flag meant exposing them to the Nazis. If you were a Jewish person and violated the Nuremberg Law then you would be sentenced one year in prison or forced to work hard labor.
Propaganda is spreading your point of view to people. You can spread it through social media or newspapers. People use propaganda to manipulate people's beliefs by using monuments, speeches, or banners. To win public support, campaigns use simple slogans and images. Propaganda was originally an honorable word. Propaganda was used to encourage people to give their time and money towards the war effort. However, later on propaganda had a selfish meaning to it. The Nazis used propaganda to portray the Jews as our enemies.
Anne Frank was born in June 12, 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany. Anne Frank is the daughter of Otto Frank and Edith Frank. She has an older sister named Margot. Anne was known as a friendly and playful 13 year old girl. Anne and her father were very close, but as she grew up she began to distance herself from her father. Anne and her mother often had fights while in hiding. Anne Frank died in the year 1945 in the Bergen-Belson Concentration Camp.
Peter Van Pels
Peter Van Pels was born in Osnabrück in November 8, 1926. He is the only child of Hermann Van Pels and Auguste Van Pels. Peter is shy and hard working. He does a lot of chores in the Secret Annex. Peter had plans for the future to live on a rubber plantation in the Dutch East Indies. He died May 5, 1945 in the Mauthausen Concentration Camp.
Miep Gies was born in February 15, 1909 in Vienna, Austria. She worked for Otto Frank as his secretary in 1933. Miep Gies and her boyfriend Jan Gies became great friends with the Frank family. She helped everybody in the Secret Annex by providing food for them and other daily necessities. Miep Gies died in January 11, 2010 at the age of 100.
Jan Gies was born in October 18, 1905 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Jan Gies and his wife, Miep Gies, helped everybody in the Secret Annex through his involvements with the civil service resistance. Jan Gies and Miep Gies were putting their lives at risk by providing shelter for Jews in their home. Jan was not captured, but he witnessed everybody from the Secret Annex being taken away. He died January 26, 1993 at the age of 87.
Act I Summary
The Frank family had to go into hiding because the Nazis were taking Jews to concentration camps. The Frank family, the Van Daan family, and Mr. Dussel stayed inside the Secret Annex that is located above Mr. Otto Frank's spice business. Miep Gies and Mr. Kraler are the only ones who know about the people living in the Secret Annex. Miep Gies brings them food and news about what's going on in the outside world. Everybody in the Secret Annex must not make any noise until the workers downstairs have all gone home. While everybody in the Secret Annex were celebrating the New Year they heard someone downstairs. Peter was trying to turn on the lights but fell and the thief downstairs heard the noise. The next day, Mr. Kraler notified everybody in the Secret Annex that the new employee is asking for more money because he knows where they are and he might tell the Green Police their whereabouts.