Each of Einstein's triple crown of mathematical physics papers published in 1905 - on the reality of atoms, the photoelectric effect, and on special relativity - remains central to the discipline. His later work, especially the general theory of relativity, made him even more important. But above the brilliance of his discoveries, it is the human details of Einstein's life that makes him so attractive. Working as a humble patent office clerk as he did much of his early research, his flight from Germany as Hitler was coming to power entwines Einstein's life with the central events of the 20th century, including the development of the atom bomb.
Albert Einstein, a man whose name is practically synonymous with genius, is one of history's greatest thinkers. As a physicist and mathematician, Einstein wasn't an inventor in the vein of Thomas Edison or Alexander Graham Bell, but his theories of relativity led to new ways of looking at time, space, matter, energy and gravity. His work led to important advances such as the control of atomic energy, space exploration, and applications of light.After Einstein presented a series of ground-breaking ideas in 1905, Einstein continued to research and expand these concepts and other ideas in physics and mathematics. In 1916, Einstein presented his general theory of relativity, proposing that gravity is a curved field in the space-time continuum created by the existence of mass.
The case, "Why is the sky blue?", was finally settled by Einstein in 1911, who calculated the detailed formula for the scattering of light from molecules; and this was found to be in agreement with experiment. As well, Einstein expanded the special theory of relativity into the general theory of relativity that applies to systems in nonuniform (accelerated) motion as well as to systems in uniform motion (like in the special theory of relativity). The general theory is principally concerned with the large-scale effects of gravitation and therefore is an essential ingredient in theories of the universe as a whole, or cosmology.
How did Einstein Think?
"If you want to find out anything from the theoretical physicist about the methods they use, I advise you to stick closely to one principle: don't listen to their words, fix your attention on their deeds." "On the Methods of Theoretical Physics," Herbert Spencer Lecture, Oxford, June 10, 1933.
Citations - resources
"Leader: Einstein's Legacy." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 24 Jan. 2005. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.
"Was Albert Einstein a Thought Leader?" Was Albert Einstein a Thought Leader? N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.
"Albert Einstein - Important Scientists - The Physics of the Universe." Albert Einstein - Important Scientists - The Physics of the Universe. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.