The Causes of the American Revolution Ashton Ettleman

In the beginning, the colonies were proud to be British. However, parliaments control bothered the colonists. King George III lost a great deal of money due to buying supplies for his army and the colonies. In order to pay off his debts he imposed taxes on the colonies without their consent. This outraged the colonists, thus immediately began to boycott British goods. This in turn made the King furious, and he sent British troops across the water to ensure the colonies behaved as he saw they should. Soon, what is perhaps one of the greatest causes of the American Revolution came to pass when a ship owner brought a boat full of taxed tea over a declared he would unload it.

The Boston Tea Party

Occurred on December 16, 1773

The colonists decided they would see none of the tea leave the ships

A group of colonists decided they would dress as Indians and board the ship in the middle of the night throwing all of the tea overboard and ruining it

The Intolerable Acts

In response to the Boston Tea Party, the king imposed the Intolerable Acts. These were one of the more major causes of the American Revolution. The acts were:

  • The Boston Port Act, closing the port of Boston until the Dutch East India Company had been repaid for the destroyed Tea
  • The Massachusetts Government Act, putting the government of Massachusetts almost entirely under direct British control
  • The Administration of Justice Act, allowing royal officials to be tried in Britain if the King felt it necessary for fair justice
  • The Quatering Act, ordering the colonies to provide lodging for British soldiers
  • The Quebec Act, expanding British territory in Canada and guaranteeing the free practice of Roman Catholicism
The Quatering Act made the colonists the most angry. This law required colonists to house British soldiers in their homes. Though because of the Boston Massacre, the colonists were afraid of the soliders. They often would lay awake at night and fear for their children and loved ones.

The First Congressional Congress

The colonists decided something had to be done and they created the First Congressional Congress. The Congress consisted of 55 delegates representing 12 of the 13 colonies ( Georgia did not Join ). Theses delegates argued back and forth about whether or not they should seperte from Britain.

The delegates decided to send the "Decleration of Rights and Grievances" to King George hoping their demands would be met.

In addition to the Decleration of Rights and Grievances, the Congress also endorsed the "Suffolk Act." Passed by Suffolk county in Massachusetts. This county was hit hard by the Intolerable Act and wanted Britain General Thomas Gage know that Massachusetts would now be collecting all of the taxes collected in Massachusetts

The Battles of Lexington and Concord

The Colonists felt that tensions were too high for the King to respond favorably, so the colonists began to prepare their army and prepare for what they felt was an inevitable battle with the British army.

Paul Revere's ride came soon enough to announce the approach of the British soldiers to stamp out the resistance in the towns of Lexington and Concord

Lexington was the first battle. The British were met by only 77 colonist fighters. Shots were fired and the British opened fire on the Americans.

  • Eight Americans were killed and ten were wounded
  • The British walked away with one minor casualty

The British then head to Concord, where the colonists were ready. 400 American fighters sent the British troops running back to Lexington, where they were fired upon from the woods. This is known as guerilla warfare, which the British felt was ungentleman-like at this time.

However, it was effective. The Americans were able to route the British all the way back to Boston.

  • There were nearly 300 British casualties
  • 73 dead and 23 missing
  • The Americans suffered less than 100

The Second Continental Congress

The Continental Congress gathered again in May of 1775, where they would become and remain the government of the colonies until the end of the Revolutionary War.

The colonists quickly made an attempt at peace, sending the Olive Branch Petition to King George declaring their loyalty. however The King pushed it to the side and sent his own proclamation to Congress saying that they would all be hung for the defiance to the crown
This united the colonists and they birthed the Declartion of Independence, which bore us to war with Britain
Created By
Ashton Ettleman
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