The colonists decided something had to be done and they created the First Congressional Congress. The Congress consisted of 55 delegates representing 12 of the 13 colonies ( Georgia did not Join ). Theses delegates argued back and forth about whether or not they should seperte from Britain.
The delegates decided to send the "Decleration of Rights and Grievances" to King George hoping their demands would be met.
In addition to the Decleration of Rights and Grievances, the Congress also endorsed the "Suffolk Act." Passed by Suffolk county in Massachusetts. This county was hit hard by the Intolerable Act and wanted Britain General Thomas Gage know that Massachusetts would now be collecting all of the taxes collected in Massachusetts
Lexington was the first battle. The British were met by only 77 colonist fighters. Shots were fired and the British opened fire on the Americans.
- Eight Americans were killed and ten were wounded
- The British walked away with one minor casualty
The British then head to Concord, where the colonists were ready. 400 American fighters sent the British troops running back to Lexington, where they were fired upon from the woods. This is known as guerilla warfare, which the British felt was ungentleman-like at this time.
However, it was effective. The Americans were able to route the British all the way back to Boston.
- There were nearly 300 British casualties
- 73 dead and 23 missing
- The Americans suffered less than 100