Northern RenaissanceBy: charlie clifton-constantino
The word "renaissance" is a French word that means "rebirth".
French-Dutch composer Josquin des Prez is often considered the world's first musical genius.
The Portuguese invented the caravel during the Renaissance. This maneuverable sailing ship helped improve trade, exploration, and travel.
Albrecht Durer was born on May 21st 1471 during the Renaissance period in history which began in Northern Italy during the 14th century.
In 1500, Jacopo de’ Barbari visited with Albrecht, having made each other’s acquaintance in Venice and where de’ Barbari’s latest advances in perspective, proportion and anatomy Albrecht had learnt. He began his own studies on these techniques when Jacopo was less than forthcoming with further details.
Hans Holbein the Younger
During the early 1530s, Hans Holbein moved to England and became King Henry VIII‘s official portrait painter. He also designed cups, books and jewellery for the King and his family.
Holbein’s most famous painting is The Ambassadors, which is today in London’s National Gallery. The 1533 work features scientific and geometric symbols, as well as a distorted skull which can only be seen clearly when you look at the painting from a certain angle.
Jan van Eyck
He was a Renaissance painter but lived earlier than the Italian painters we have already looked at. No one is sure exactly when he was born but it was probably in the late 1380s or early 1390s.
Van Eyck painted many portraits, including the Arnolfini Portrait, This painting is very famous. You may have seen it before. It is the oldest oil painting on wood panel that was admired and became well known. It is also extremely detailed.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder
He was often nicknamed Peasant Bruegel. He sometimes went to weddings and meals dresses like a poor peasant to get ideas for his paintings, and to better mingle with people.
Only about 45 paintings by Pieter Bruegel survive, of which about a third are in Vienna’s Kunsthistorisches Museum. However, many of his drawings and engravings have been discovered.
In 1516, Erasmus came up with his magnum opus, ‘Novum instrumentum omne’ which was a heavily explained edition of the New Testament. The book was highly sought after by scholars and educated Europeans as its content and interpretation of scripture challenged the age-old theological thinking that had been dominating the society. Through the book, he aimed at spreading classical knowledge that would in turn promote better understanding between people and help them turn to the roots of Christian tradition.
known as Erasmus or Erasmus of Rotterdam, was a Dutch/Netherlandish Renaissance humanist, Catholic priest, social critic, teacher, and theologian.
He is also famous for writing Utopia, published in 1516, about the political system on an imaginary island. The name has been used to describe a perfect society ever since, and Utopia is one of the most influential books ever written.
Thomas More was a devout Catholic. He saw the Protestant reformation as being evil and dangerous. He rejected the work of Martin Luther and William Tyndale, believing that the Catholic Church was the only true church. He spied on suspected Protestants and made sure their religious books were not shipped to England.
Christine de Pizan
She was the first women to earn the living as a professional writer
Had to deal with her husbands and fathers death and that left her with three children
Wrote books on defending women and wrote a tribute to Joan of Arch