Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, (Lou Gherig's Disease) is a specified neurological disease in which it kills neurons. This results in an inability to move, which can also lead to more health problems.
The symptoms include loss of muscle, inability to move, twitching. Eye, mouth, and head movement are usually still operable.
The disease kills neurons and their fibers, leading to inoperable functions. Soon the entire body goes into a vegetative state. The disease may also affect memory within the brain.
The disease is difficult to diagnose because it's symptoms mimic other neurological diseases.
Many tests must be performed such as EMG, nerve condition study, MRI, blood and urine test, spinal tap, and biopsy.
There is sadly no known cure, but there are multiple treatments and therapies to slow down the process. About 15 patients are diagnosed with ALS a day, that is a little over 6,000 people a year. Most are middle-aged Caucasian men.
This is a non-inherited disease. This is caused by a minor gene mutation.