Coastal Zone Plants: Black, Red, White, and button Mangrove, Beach Morning Glory, Salt Bush, and Sesuvium
Arid Zone Plants: Candelabra Cactus, Lava Cactus, and Prickly Pear Cactus,
Marine Iguanas: World's only marine lizards. In the absence of mammalian predators, they have adapted well to the harsh marine environment. Blunt noses for grazing seaweed, laterally flattened tails to assist swimming.
Land Iguanas: There are two species of land iguana found in the Galapagos. This species is very large, growing to lengths of over a meter. The short head is blunt and the back legs are thick and powerful, with long sharp claws on the toes.
Finches: small land birds with generally dull black, brown or olive, often streaky, plumage; short tails; and short, rounded wings.
Galapagos Giant Tortoises: The only native natural predator of the Galapagos tortoise is the Galapagos hawk. The hawk preys on eggs and newly hatched tortoises. The main threats to adult tortoises are habitat destruction and illegal hunting. The Galapagos Islands, discovered by Spanish sailors in 1535, were named after the giant tortoises discovered there. Galapagos means tortoise in Spanish.
History of Galapagos Islands: The Islands were discovered in 1535 when father Thomas Barlanga sailed to Peru. His account of the adventure contained many facts about Galapagos: he described the harsh, desert-like condition of the islands, their trademark giant tortoises, marine iguanas, sea lions and the many sea birds. Galapagos travel was rare and the islands were rarely visited. They became the refuge for pirates preying on en galleons and coastal towns.
Food Web: The sun provides energy for Galapagos Sunflower Trees which is what White Lined Sphinx Moth eats, and the Santa Fe Rice Rat eats that. Next, the Galapagos Hawks eat the rats and marine iguanas eat the hawks. Then back to the sky where Great Frigate Bird eat marine iguanas.