Benito Mussolini Italy's fascist dictator

Born in 1883, Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini would later create the Fascist Party (in 1919) and become the dictator of Italy and die in 1945.

Italy's flag under Mussolini's rule

Born on July 29, 1883 in Dovia di Predappio, Flori, Italy, Benito was the oldest of three children. His father was a blacksmith and his mother was a Catholic school teacher.

Benito Mussolini

In WWI, Mussolini saw a chance for Italy to become a great world power. He started to break ties with other Socialists and was kicked out of the organization.

In 1902, Mussolini went to Switzerland. He promoted Socialism and gained reputation. He was later kicked out of Switzerland by Swiss authorities for demonstrating Socialism.

In 1919, Mussolini created the Fascist party. This group went against the Italian government and soon after, Mussolini became the dictator of Italy calling himself "Il Duce" (The Leader)

Mussolini's Saluting His Supporters

In 1942, Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt planned to take Italy out of the war. Allied forces began marching toward Sicily. Mussolini was forced to resign and arrested; German commandos later rescued him. Mussolini then moved his government to northern Italy, hoping to regain his influence. On June 4, 1944, Rome was freed by Allied forces, who marched on to take control of Italy.

Mussolini attempted to escape to Switzerland, but was captured on April 27, 1945. He was executed the following day, on April 28, 1945, in Mezzegra, Italy, and his body was hung on display in a Milan plaza. The Italian masses greeted Mussolini's death without regret. Mussolini had promised his people Roman glory, but, he only brought war and misery.

Benito Mussolini

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.