Camisard Rebellion By: David Diviero

Who:Camisards were Huguenots (French Protestants) of the rugged and isolated CĂ©vennes region, and the Vaunage in southern France. They raised an insurrection against the persecutions which followed the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, which had made being Protestant illegal.

What: Protestants and the people of France and people ordered by the King were fighting due to the Protestant ban in order to unite under one religion led to a rebellion. Fighting in small groups and villages is what overall occured.

Where:The Camisards operated throughout the mainly protestant CĂ©vennes region which in the eighteenth century also included the Vaunage and the parts of the Camargue around Aigues Mortes.

When: early 1700s

Why: They raised an insurrection against the persecutions which followed the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, which had made being Protestant illegal. Prosecutions were held, cities were burned, and forced conversions is what started this rebellion.

Political changes: Did not result in any Political changes except the fact that politically they then recognized other religions and discontinued killings and burnings.

Economic Changes : Economic damage was caused but overall no economic change occured as money wasnt really a part of the religious war.

Social Changes: As a result of the rebellion the main active Camisard groups had been subdued in various ways, the French authorities were keen not to re-ignite the revolt and took a more moderate approach to anti-Protestant repression. Many former Camisards came back to a more peaceful approach and from 1715 onwards helped re-establish a still illegal but now much better organised Protestantism. They were under the leadership of Antoine Court and of the numerous travelling pastors who were permitted to re-enter the country.

Claim: Overall, the Camisard Rebellion was a pretty small rebellion with one religious goal for social change of Protestant and therefore lacking political and economic changes it was not really a revolution.

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