Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish matematician and astronomer. He is known by many as the "father of modern astronomy". Copernicus proposed many theories that were unheard of at the time and is seen as the initiator of the Science Rvolution.
Nicolaus Copernicus and the solar system.
Nicolaus Copernicus was born of February 19, 1473 in Torun, Poland. He was the youngest of four children and his father dies when he was just 10 years old. After that, he was put into the care of his uncle, a catholic bishop, who made sure that Nicolaus received a good education.
A Catholic Bishop, like Copernicus's uncle.
Copernicus attended Poland's University of Krakow. In Italy he studied medicine and church law. While staying at a room in an astronomy teacher's house, Nicolaus became fascinated with astronomy. His personality is described as him being a free thinker and not afraid to question beliefs.
One of Copernicus's biggest achievements was proposing that the Earth orbited the sun. Not the original belief that said that everything in the universe orbited around the Earth. Part of his theory said that Earth rotated on its axis and that's what made it seem as if objects in the sky are moving. Copernicus outlined his theory in his book, On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres.
Model of Nicolaus Copernicus's theory.
Another big achievement of Nicolaus Copernicus is that he is considered to be the founder of modern astronomy. Although Copernicus only made observations with his bare eyes, (Galileo made observations with a telescope about fifty years after Copernicus.) he was the first well known astronomer to actively perform astronomical observations.
Copernicus performing studies on the heavens.
Lastly, a mayor achievement of Nicolaus Copernicus is that he is a true Renaissance Man. He was an expert in many fields other than astronomy. These fields included being a physician, mathematician, classical scholar, translator, jurist, governor, economist, and diplomat.
Famous art and figures of the Renaissance.
In review, Nicolaus Copernicus was an excellent Polish scientist. He was a leading figure of the Renaissance and is considered to be the founder of modern astronomy.