Education is an essential part of living a successful and fulfilled life. In these poor and developing countries, families have difficulties affording food or shelter, making education of little priority. Parents also need their children to work from an early age in order to help support the family. This leaves no time or resources for the child to get an education and later a successful career.
Due to lack of infrastructure in these extremely poor countries, the water supply is often hazardous and inconsistent. There may not be indoor plumbing and proper disposal of waste which can contaminate the little water supply that is present. Each village or neighborhood may have one water source forcing people to walk far to gather their water. This is a major problem for sanitation and health issues.
Finding stable and consistent jobs is difficult. With no definitive paycheck, benefits or reassurance you have a job every day, it makes families struggle financially and emotionally. Families have no choice but to make their young children work in efforts to add contributions. There is no room to save for money, there is barely enough money to feed them.
There is more than enough food produced for every person in the world but millions still starve, mostly due to food being unaffordable. Woman expecting children that do not have sufficient nutrition can lead to their child having birth defects and being underdeveloped. The affected child does not have the potential to learn and grow compared to unaffected children. Suffering and struggle continues.
Natural disasters can destroy everything a family has worked for. Farmers may lose their crops which is their main source of income, houses may be destroyed and people could be injured. In a place of extreme poverty, it proves very difficult to rebuild what has been damaged. This is why emergency and developmental aid are so valuable to poor countries.
In efforts to eliminate global poverty, the United States has provided foreign assistance to these underdeveloped countries. This assistance supports global peace, security, development and humanitarian relief in times of need. Predicted for 2017, the United States plans to spend approximately $34 billion on foreign assistance which is divided between over 100 countries around the globe. This funding is divided to different major categories:
Health: $9.3 Billion
Peace and Security: $8.3 Billion
Humanitarian Assistance: $6.0 Billion
Economic Development: $3.6 Billion
Democracy, Human Rights and Governance: $2.7 Billion
Environment: $1.3 Billion
Education and Social Services: $1.1 Billion
In Malawi, Africa, a quarter of the deaths of newborns are due to asphyxia. Globally, 700,000 deaths per year are due to birthing complications including asphyxia. Necessary and affordable life saving resuscitation equipment is often unavailable in underdeveloped countries. Through the program Helping Babies Breathe, countries are provided with more resources. In Malawi in 2014, 50 percent of newborns had access to resuscitation thanks to this program compared to nearby Ethiopia with only 8 percent of newborns having access to this equipment.