First well known monotheistic religion. Believed god is Abraham
Torah - 5 Books of Moses. The origins of Jews. They also believed that the Messiah would on day come to deliver them to a world of peace
Moed is any of the Three Pilgrimage Festivals of Passover, Shavuot and Sukkot.
Hag is also used to describe Hanukkah and Purim, as well as Yom Ha'atzmaut (Israeli Independence Day) and Yom Yerushalayim (Jerusalem Day).
Ta'anit refers to a fast. These terms are generally used to describe the rabbinic fasts, although tzom is used liturgically to refer to Yom Kippur as well.
Yom Kippur is a Jewish new year