The march on Selma took place on March 7th, 1965. Selma, Alabama was a small town that had a lot of african americans living their. Since it was located in the South, they were given literacy tests so their votes wouldn't count. Only 2% of the black population were able to vote, which caused Martin Luther King and his church to focus on making sure blacks can vote in this town. The protestors started in Selma Alabama, and marched to Montgomery Alabama.
Protestors protesting for Voting Rights and the Discrimination of it
Goal of the March
The goal of this march was to register the black people living in the South the right to vote and to end voting discrimination. According to "History.com", they say that, "Martin Luther King Jr.’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference made Selma, Alabama, the focus of its efforts to register black voters in the South"(Selma to Montgomery). This evidence shows how even after the Civil Rights act of 1964, discrimination against blacks continued, especially in the South. Some people didn't want blacks and minorities to vote, so Americans created the literacy tests. These were tests only given to blacks and minorities that wanted to vote. This goal of this march was to end voting discrimination against blacks and too end the literacy test.
The goal was to end the Literacy test to minorities and colored people
Who was involved?
Most of the protestors were blacks living in Selma and some white people. One important person that was involved in the march was Martin Luther King Jr. He had the help of the Southern Christian Leadership council. Martin and the SCLC were the ones to focus their attention to Selma. Since MLK won the Nobel prize in 1964, his higher profile helped attract attention to Selma. According to "History.com," they say that, "The historic march, and King’s participation in it, greatly helped raise awareness of the difficulty faced by black voters in the South, and the need for a Voting Rights Act, passed later that year"(Selma to Montgomery). This evidence shows how how much of an impact MLK made in the March. He brought a lot of attention to it and even the President Johnson supported the protestors. If MLK wasn't involved, I don't think this March would have gone anywhere and no attention would have been drawn to this event.
Martin Luther King JR was involved in the March
Obstacles they had to Overcome
During the march on Selma, the protestors had many obstacles like Alabama state troopers, and segregationist groups. According to "CNN," they state that, " Marchers demand an end to discrimination in voter registration. At the Edmund Pettus Bridge, state and local lawmen attack the marchers with billy clubs and tear gas, driving them back to Selma"(1965 Selma to Montgomery March). The first march took place on March 7th. 600 people marched toward the Edmund Pettus Bridge and they met a bunch of Alabama state troops blocking the bridge with nightsticks and tear gas. They beat the protestors an the march turned bloody, but they overcame this. According to "History.com," they state that, "Some 2,000 people set out from Selma on March 21, protected by U.S. Army troops and Alabama National Guard forces that Johnson had ordered under federal control"(Selma to Montgomery). President Johnson supported new voting rights, so he sent troops to escort the protestors to Montgomery. They overcame the obstacle of different groups that didn't want their votes to count.
Represents Lyndon B Johnson because he sent U.S soldiers to escort the protestors
Outcome/ Lasting Impacts
After the march on Selma, this event caused many outcomes and impacts in the modern world today. First off, an outcome that came from the march on Selma was the Birmingham Riots. According to "CNN," they state that, "A bomb blast at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, kills four African-American girls during church services"(1963 Birmingham Church Bombing). This took place after the march on Selma and it eventually lead to the church bombing by the KKK. They wanted to stall the Voting Acts Rights from being passed, so they planted dynamite in a baptist church. This was one of the deadliest attacks during the movement. Lastly, the march on Selma continues to make an impact on the real world. Today, many african americans and minorities are able to to vote today without being given a literacy test. If it wasn't for the march on Selma, then the voting rights act would have never been passed, and the literacy test would still be used today to prevent colored people/minorities from voting.